I’ve lurked on Libcom for ages (a lot more now that I have an office job) but haven’t really posted properly before. Anyway, my little sister is doing Italian at uni and with some advice from me and a few Libcom articles has decided to write about this period of Italian history. Can anyone tell me whether my advice is right? And any comments on the structure she proposes? And more broadly point to any books/articles that haven’t been posted before that might be useful for her. She’s sympathetic to all this stuff but is approaching it in this detail for the first time.
In this plan I think she’s equating the Movement of 77 exclusively with this article, which is problematic:
I will place the Movement of '77 within the context of the emergence of the "new social
movements".I will try to explain the socio-political context of Italy at the time, then
present these new social movements and the means of action typical of them. I will
attempt to distinguish between movements relating to class struggle (up to 1968, say)
from those that develop later, such as those that call into question the system of party
and trade union movements in politics, and the movements relating to "everyday" struggles
such as gender equality (feminism), different sectors of society (student movement) or
social recognition (gay movement).
I will then focus on the Movement of '77 itself and the creative means of action it
implements, such as magazines (Re Nudo, Rosso, La Salamandra , Il Male etc), songs, and
the radio (Radio Alice).
Finally, I will examine the legacy it has left, specifically how the
images/phrases/messages of the movement have been re-used, for example on the internet,
and in advertising."
My rushed response before I went for lunch at work:
“I think that’s a really good essay plan.
I would call into question the idea that class struggle was the focus up until 1968 and was in decline afterwards though. The period between 68 and 77 saw an intensification of class struggle.
Parties and trade unions lost a lot of legitimacy between 68 and 77 which coincided with/maybe reflected an increase in class struggle. And the rise of the ideas of ‘autonomism’ and ‘operaismo’ (see Antonio Negri) whereby workers didn’t seek to use mediators (parties/trade unions) to articulate demands and control class struggle.
Going for lunch and will then have a think about it a bit more and maybe post it on Libcom forums and ask for people’s advice.”
So, any advice?