New, from wikileaks.

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RoyceChristian
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Jun 19 2008 10:27
New, from wikileaks.

I've been linking and spreading the following in various places around the internets. I thought you all might be extremely interested in the following.

How to covertly train paramilitaries, censor the press, ban unions, employ terrorists, conduct warrantless searches, suspend habeas corpus, conceal breaches of the Geneva Convention and make the population love it

JULIAN ASSANGE (investigative editor)
Monday June 15, 2008

Wikileaks has released a sensitive 219 page US military counterinsurgency manual. The manual, Foreign Internal Defense Tactics Techniques and Procedures for Special Forces (1994, 2004), may be critically described as "what we learned about running death squads and propping up corrupt government in Latin America and how to apply it to other places". Its contents are both history defining for Latin America and, given the continued role of US Special Forces in the suppression of insurgencies, including in Iraq and Afghanistan, history making.

The leaked manual, which has been verified with military sources, is the official US Special Forces doctrine for Foreign Internal Defense or FID.

FID operations are designed to prop up "friendly" governments facing popular revolution or guerilla insurgency. FID interventions are often covert or quasi-covert due to the unpopular nature of the governments being supported ("In formulating a realistic policy for the use of advisors, the commander must carefully gauge the psychological climate of the HN [Host Nation] and the United States.")

The manual directly advocates training paramilitaries, pervasive surveillance, censorship, press control and restrictions on labor unions & political parties. It directly advocates warrantless searches, detainment without charge and (under varying circumstances) the suspension of habeas corpus. It directly advocates employing terrorists or prosecuting individuals for terrorism who are not terrorists, running false flag operations and concealing human rights abuses from journalists. And it repeatedly advocates the use of subterfuge and "psychological operations" (propaganda) to make these and other "population & resource control" measures more palatable.

The content has been particularly informed by the long United States involvement in El Salvador.

In 2005 a number of credible media reports suggested the Pentagon was intensely debating "the Salvador option" for Iraq.[1]. According to the New York Times Magazine:

The template for Iraq today is not Vietnam, with which it has often been compared, but El Salvador, where a right-wing government backed by the United States fought a leftist insurgency in a 12-year war beginning in 1980. The cost was high — more than 70,000 people were killed, most of them civilians, in a country with a population of just six million. Most of the killing and torturing was done by the army and the right-wing death squads affiliated with it. According to an Amnesty International report in 2001, violations committed by the army and associated groups included ‘‘extrajudicial executions, other unlawful killings, ‘disappearances’ and torture. . . . Whole villages were targeted by the armed forces and their inhabitants massacred.’’ As part of President Reagan’s policy of supporting anti-Communist forces, hundreds of millions of dollars in United States aid was funneled to the Salvadoran Army, and a team of 55 Special Forces advisers, led for several years by Jim Steele, trained front-line battalions that were accused of significant human rights abuses.

The same article states James Steele and many other former Central American Special Forces "military advisors" have now been appointed at a high level to Iraq.

In 1993 a United Nations truth commission on El Salvador, which examined 22,000 atrocities that occurred during the twelve-year civil war, attributed 85 percent of the abuses to the US-backed El Salvador military and its paramilitary death squads.

It is worth noting what the US Ambassador to El Salvador, Robert E. White (now the president for the Center for International Policy) had to say as early as 1980, in State Department documents obtained under the Freedom of Information Act:

The major, immediate threat to the existence of this government is the right-wing violence. In the city of San Salvador, the hired thugs of the extreme right, some of them well-trained Cuban and Nicaraguan terrorists, kill moderate left leaders and blow up government buildings. In the countryside, elements of the security forces torture and kill the campesinos, shoot up their houses and burn their crops. At least two hundred refugees from the countryside arrive daily in the capital city. This campaign of terror is radicalizing the rural areas just as surely as Somoza's National Guard did in Nicaragua. Unfortunately, the command structure of the army and the security forces either tolerates or encourages this activity. These senior officers believe or pretend to believe that they are eliminating the guerillas.[2]

Selected extracts follow. Note that the manual is 219 pages long and contains substantial material throughout. These extracts should merely be considered representative. Emphasis has been added for further selectivity. The full manual can be found at US Special Forces counter-insurgency manual FM 31-20-3.

You can read the rest, here. Enjoy.

petey
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Joined: 13-10-05
Jun 19 2008 15:31

yup, i saw that. it's authentic then?

David in Atlanta
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Joined: 21-04-06
Jun 19 2008 21:36
newyawka wrote:
yup, i saw that. it's authentic then?

Appears to be. It really isn't news to folks who've put any time into Latin American solidarity work, just confirmation of what we already knew.

RoyceChristian
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Jun 20 2008 14:03
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Appears to be. It really isn't news to folks who've put any time into Latin American solidarity work, just confirmation of what we already knew.

At least now you have a clear document you can cite. It's an incredibly valuable resource. I've been trying to spread the word around so that more people find out because I doubt the document will make it into the mainstream media.

petey
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Joined: 13-10-05
Jun 20 2008 15:48
RoyceChristian wrote:
I doubt the document will make it into the mainstream media.

i've seen references to it, not in the MSM exactly but on biggish sites like antiwar (i'm sure) and democracy now (iirc)

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Khawaga
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Jun 23 2008 13:52

I did see references to it in some MSM. Can't remember where though.

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Ambrose Nurra
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Joined: 5-06-08
Jun 23 2008 14:13

the only problem is not that it confirms what many members of this site and open-minded individuals already know, but that the situation in America and the rest of the world has gotten to the point that the majority of people tend to dismiss as conspiracies or lies things that aren't presented in one of the small handful of "trustworthy" and "respectable" outlets. Further, unfortunately, the FOIA act and the reception of older government dossiers has been efficient in causing people to believe that the actions revealed in such documents don't occur anymore. That is the OLD America and we are approaching the paradigm our constitution has set out for us. I'm afraid people will dismiss this crucial manual just as people do the widespread military civilian testing of all sorts that occurred in the 20th century. "But no, this couldn't happen in our America of the 21st century." Maybe this is a bit of bitterness coming through in my apparent inability to convince people in the state that stole the election for Bush (the second time), but I feel more and more what it comes down to is not facts, but the power of deception and manipulation whether used for truths or streamlined lies. Sadly it seems facts and common sense are becoming irrelevant. Aww, hawk it up to Post-Modernism if you will.