1930s

Kameradschaft (Comradeship)

Based on a real disaster in 1906, Kameradschaft is a plea against war and for friendship between peoples, set at a mine that's been split in two following the border changes after WW1. Its the story of French miners rescued by German colleagues after a firedamp explosion.

Theses on the Spanish Civil War and the revolutionary situation created on July 19, 1936 - BALANCE (Agustín Guillamón)

A 2001 text summarizing the results of the research carried out by Agustín Guillamón for the Spanish journal, BALANCE, concerning the lessons of the Spanish Civil War in Catalonia, denying the existence of “dual power” in Catalonia in 1936, discussing the struggles of the CNT rank and file against militarization and in favor of socialization, emphasizing the revolutionary potential of the ubiquitous committees and their neutralization and eventual destruction due to a lack of coordination and centralization, and claiming that the proletarian revolution requires the destruction of the capitalist state and the creation of a centralized workers power based on workers councils.

IWW members who fought in the Spanish Civil War

The 15th International Brigade in 1937. Pat Read appears third from left.

Originally appearing in the Industrial Worker, a short piece by Matt White on some of the IWW members who died during the Spanish Civil War.

From defense cadres to popular militias - Augustín Guillamón

A short article summarizing the history and transformation of the CNT’s Defense Committees in Barcelona during the 1930s from their origins as street fighting units to their reorganization as integrated combat/intelligence formations, to their suppression by the Republic after the working class defeat of May 1937.

Left out: reds and America's industrial unions

This study discusses the legacy of the Communist Party USA in the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) from the 1930s through the 1950s.

Darkness at Noon - Arthur Koestler

Darkness at Noon dramatises the Moscow show trials and the elimination of the Bolshevik old guard by "No.1" In the Fatherland of Revolution. Told primarily from the point of view of N.S. Rubashov a fictitious merging of real Bolsheviks known to Koestler

The road to Wigan Pier - George Orwell

Orwell's examinations of the conditions for the working class in the north of England prior to World War Two and how he became a socialist.

Where is Juliet Stuart Poyntz?

An article by Carlo Tresca on Juliet Stuart Poyntz, a Communist Party USA member who is believed to have been abducted and murdered by a Soviet NKVD assassination squad in 1937.

Personal histories of the early CIO

UAW-CIO Local 75 Election

Transcript of a talk given by 5 people who were involved in CIO organizing in the 1930s.