1960s

Toward a student syndicalist movement

Position paper by Carl Davidson delivered at the August 1966 Students For A Democratic Society (SDS) Convention in Clear Lake, Iowa.

In the past few years, we have seen a variety of campus movements developing around the issue of' 'university reform.' A few of these movements sustained a mass base for brief periods. Some brought about minor changes in campus rules and regulations. But almost all have failed to alter the university community radically or even to maintain their own existence.

SDS: The rise and development of the Students for a Democratic Society

Kirkpatrick Sale's massive book on Students For a Democratic Society, a student activist movement in the United States that was one of the main representations of the country's New Left.

The Deacons for Defense: armed resistance and the Civil Rights Movement

A pamphlet about the Deacons for Defense, an armed self-defense African-American civil rights organization in the U.S. Southern states during the 1960s.

Opening:

Paul Farmer has brought his pistol. The president of the Washington Parish White Citizens Council was standing in the middle of the street along with several other members of the council and the Ku Klux Klan. It was the autumn of 1966 in the small paper mill town of Bogalusa, Louisiana.

Anarchy and Organization - Murray Bookchin

An essay by Murray Bookchin written in reply to an attack by Huey Newton on anarchist forms of organization.

There is a hoary myth that anarchists do not believe in organization to promote revolutionary activity. This myth was raised from its resting place by Marcuse in a L'Express interview some months ago and reiterated again by Huey Newton in his "In Defence of Self-Defence," which New Left Notes decided to reprint in the recent National Convention issue.

Theoretical anarchism and anarchist ideology - Miguel Amorós

Mass Meeting in Barcelona in 1976

An essay on post-1939 Spanish anarchism and its ideological fossilization, with special emphasis on the CNT and the role it played in Spain during the1970s, during the Spanish “Transition”, when it attracted large numbers of workers who sympathized with anarchism—it had over 250,000 members in 1978—but soon lost most of them when it became a trade union indistinguishable from the others except for its revolutionary rhetoric, having been founded by a disparate assortment of people who, according to the author, had only one thing in common: “the desire to build a trade union federation that could contend with the Workers Commissions for preeminence in separate class representation.”

Theoretical Anarchism and Anarchist Ideology – Miguel Amorós

When reflection, feeling or whatever other form the subjective consciousness may assume, regards the present as vanity, and thinks itself to be beyond it and wiser, it finds itself in emptiness, and, as it has actuality only in the present, it is vanity throughout.” (Hegel, Philosophy of Right)

From gang-bangers to urban revolutionaries: the Young Lords of Chicago

An essay on Chicago's Young Lords Organization, a Puerto Rican radical group started by former gang members in the 1960s.

Originally appeared in Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society (199cool, Vol. 96, No. 3 (Autumn, 2003)

Smash the wage freeze! (1966)

A pamphlet by the Syndicalist Workers' Federation denouncing the wage freeze implemented by the first Wilson government (1964-70),

The bomb, direct action and the state

A pamphlet by the Syndicalist Workers' Federation on the attitude of various parties towards nuclear weapons and the means by which disarmament would be achieved. Written in the 1960s.

The Young Lords Party: examining its deficit of democracy and decline

A critique of the Young Lords lack of internal democracy and its contribution towards their decline. We do not agree with some aspects of this article (positive perspective on nationalism, democratic centralism), but feel it provides some other valuable information.

The Black Panthers are famous. Even today, the image of the defiant black radical, often with gun in hand and beret atop the head, endures in the popular imagination. The names of the black militant leaders, from Huey P. Newton to Bobby Seale to Malcolm X, are widely known.

The American revolution: Pages from a negro worker's notebook

In 1963, drawing on his own experience as a factory worker and radical militant, James Boggs wrote this pamphlet. It addresses (among many things) the failures of the CIO, increasing automation, rising unemployment and the emergence of new social actors ('the outsiders') that he saw as a threat to capitalism.

James Boggs, born in Marion Junction, never dreamed of becoming President or a locomotive engineer. He grew up in a world where the white folks are gentlemen by day and Ku Klux Klanners at night. Marion Junction is in Dallas County where as late as 1963, although African-Americans made up over 57 percent of the total county population of 57,000, only 130 were registered voters.