Black Consciousness

Black Consciousness and the quest for true humanity - Steve Biko

Steve Biko's 1972/3 article on the Black Consciousness movement.

Steve Biko interviewed by Gail M. Gerhart, 1972

In October 1972, Steve Biko was employed by the black division of the Study Project of Christianity in Apartheid Society (SPRO-CAS), which had its office in the same building as the South African Student Organization (SASO) at 86 Beatrice Street, Durban. American political scientist Gail M. Gerhart interviewed Biko in those offices on October 24,1972, amid a constant flow of SASO people in and out.

South Africa 1985: The organisation of power in black and white

The police stations are surrounded by sandbags and barbed wire. They look like trenches in a battlefield. The police buildings are flanked by Saracens & Hippos.

1919-21: Trinidadian General Strike

Returning soldiers from WWI

Frustrations over racism and low wages lead to a series of strikes from 1919-21, involving every sector and most ethnic groups on the islands.

The Life and Death of Dr Abu Baker ‘Hurley’ Asvat, 23 February 1943 to 27 January 1989

Abu Baker Asvat

Abu Baker Asvat was a doctor and political militant in South Africa. He was murdered in 1989.

Black Consciousness 1977-1987: The dialectics of liberation in South Africa

AZAPO militants in the 80s

Article on the Black Consciousness movement by Nigel Gibson from 1988.

The Intellectual Foundations of the Black Consciousness Movement

Steve Biko

The essay, by Mabogo More, is an examination of the philosophical foundations of the Black Consciousness Movement in South Africa.

Collaboration and Debate in the ‘Durban Moment’: Steve Biko, Richard Turner and the politics of Black Consciousness, 1970-1974

Steve Biko.

This essay by Ian Macqueen examines the philosophical and political contributions by Rick Turner and Steven Biko to the 'Durban moment' - the period in which the city of Durban became the centre of radical political innovation in the anti-apartheid struggle.

Mandisi Majavu and the Unemployed People's Movement on the degeneration of the black consciousness tradition in South Africa

Steve Biko

South African anarchist Mandisi Majavu responds to a critique of the degeneration of the Black Consciousness Movement by three activists in the Unemployed People's Movement.