class struggle

Democracy mystified: a critical review of the book, Against Democracy by Miriam Qarmat (ICG) - Roi Ferreiro

Roi Ferreiro reviews Against Democracy, and subjects its attack on “democracy as a ‘thing in itself’” (“a fantasy of Bordiguist idealism”) and “liberty, equality and fraternity”—an attack that he depicts as abstract, ahistorical, reductionist, and reactionary “sophistry”—to a withering critique, asserting that such all-or-nothing verbal radicalism (“demagogy”) encourages “political indifferentism and passivity”, and he asks the rhetorical question, “is it possible for the ‘affirmation of the collective existence of men’ to be realized in any other than a ‘democratic’ way, and more concretely, in any other form besides that of ‘proletarian, direct and revolutionary democracy’?”.

Primitivism in technological society - Miquel Amorós

In these notes for a 2006 talk, Miquel Amorós depicts primitivism as an example of “false consciousness and ideological deviation” whose initial “kernel of truth” in the 1990s (its fervent opposition to development) was annulled in the next decade when the movement “rejected the idea of revolution” and “fell into a paralyzing fatalism” that keeps the primitivist, who identifies “the humanization of the world with … the domestication and artificialization of man”, “in a state of waiting, hedonistically expecting that a catastrophe will resettle a disillusioned humanity in the aboriginal jungle and put rational thought back on the road of instinct, magic and voodoo”.

The Self-Liberation of the Proletariat Is the Collapse of Capitalism! – Revolutionary Communists (Grupo de Comunistas de Consejos de Galiza)

A 2004 programmatic statement by a Galician council communist group, which observes that “social change and self-transformation proceed in tandem in real revolutionary practice”—for which purpose certain “useful elements” of “western psychology and the currents of eastern spirituality” can help us confront the challenges of life in capitalism—and “the spiritual transformation of life and the material transformation of life [are] indissolubly linked, as parallel and interacting processes and realities”, but that only “class struggle” enables the proletariat to “become capable of advancing its own self-transformation”, which is presently of an “experimental nature”.

The class struggles in France, 1848-1850 - Karl Marx

Marx's first full application of historical materialism to an ongoing event.

Self-emancipation and consciousness - Démocratie Communiste (Luxemburgiste)

A brief statement concerning the relation between consciousness, collective struggle, emancipation and the attainment of “a democratic, free and egalitarian world society”, from the French group, Démocratie Communiste (Luxemburgiste).

For a nonviolent revolution - Démocratie Communiste (Luxemburgiste)

An appeal in favor of the principle of a nonviolent revolutionary movement based on means-and-ends reasoning, with references to Marx and Luxemburg.

On cooperation - Paul Delesalle

An article by the French anarchosyndicalist Paul Delesalle in which the author points out some of the shortcomings of cooperatives from a revolutionary point of view.

Anarchists and the trade unions - Paul Delesalle

The text of a pamphlet first published in 1900 encouraging anarchists to get involved in the trade unions, which the author claims are the “embryos of the groups of free producers of the future”.

The strike! - Paul Delesalle

A brief text from 1900 by the French anarchosyndicalist Paul Delesalle on labor and capital, the strike, its origins, and the difference between the “partial” strike for immediate demands and the “general strike” that is the herald of the next revolution.

The Bagaudae: history's first revolutionaries? - Pablo Romero Gabella

A brief introduction to the Bagaudae, the social and historical context of the late Roman Empire, and the modern debates over the meaning of the revolts generally included under this rubric.