general strikes

1935: Cuban General Strike

After the defeat of the Dictator Gerardo Machado Cuba was governed by a Junta headed by Batista and Mendieta. In 1935 another General Strike sort to forced the Junta to restore civilian rule. In response Batista unleashed a wave of state terror.

1933: Cuban General Strike

In 1933 the bloody regime of Gerardo Machado came to an end when a general strike paralysed the economy. A last minute deal with the Cuban Communist Party failed to save the regime and Machado fled into exile.

1931: Chileans Overthrow Dictator Carlos Ibañez del Campo

Demonstration against the Dictatorship in July 1931

In response to economic depression the Chilean state became a Dictatorship. In response Chilean students and workers engaged in a general strike and occupation of universities demanding a return to civilian rule.

1902: Belgian General Strike

In the late 19th century, the Belgian state tried several tricks to keep its parliament dominated by the wealthier classes. In response a serious of general strikes were used to force the government to implement reforms. However the Belgian Workers Party was often a hindrance in these struggles as the 1902 strike demonstrates.

Senegal General Strike: 1945-46

Rising prices and stagnant wages led to a strike wave in the French colony of Senegal. In addition to wage increases the strike forced the governor to recognise workers organisations and influences over struggles in the region.

1986-88: Haitians Demand Civilians Government and Democratic Election

Tonton Macoutes patrolling a Haitian street 1988

After the downfall of Baby Doc Duvalier Haiti was ruled by a US supported Junta. The campaign that toppled Duvalier continued to oppose the Junta and its campaign of violence and economic policies.

Haitians overthrow regime, 1984-1986

Article on the two year long campaign of demonstrations and strikes that toppled the Dictatorship of Jean Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier.

Grand National Holiday, and Congress of the Productive Classes: William Benbow

Carciature of William Benbow in 1848 issue of Punch

Published in 1832 this pamphlet is possibly the earliest published advocacy for a general strike as a means for dismantling inequality and the oppression of the ruling class. Self published by William Benbow an unconventional preacher and 19th century radical, the "Sacred Month" was adopted by the Chartists in 1839 though Benbow was arrested before it started.

The Chartist Grand National Holiday: The General Strike of 1839

An article by Past Tense on the first attempted general strike called by the Chartist movement for August 1839. It also compares the ideas of the strikes main proponent, William Benbow with other theorists on Mass and General Strikes.

To escape Trump's America, we need to bring the militant labor tactics of 1946 back to the future

The last general strike in the US was in Oakland in 1946. That year there were 6 city-wide general strikes, plus nationwide strikes in steel, coal, and rail transport. More than 5 million workers struck in the biggest strike wave of US history. So what happened? Why haven't we ever gone out like that again? ... When we allowed ourselves to lose our most important weapons 70 years ago, we took the first step towards Trump's America. We're stuck in the wrong timeline - if we want to get out, we have to bring the militant labor tactics of 1946 back to the future!