Herero and Namaqua genocide

Exceptional Space: Concentration Camps and Labor Compounds in Late Nineteenth-Century South Africa

De Beers diamond mine, Kimberley, South Africa

Lindsay Weiss explores the relationship between the 1886 'closed labour compounds' of the South African diamond industry, the concentration camps of the 1899-1902 Anglo-Boer war, and the german camps used in th Herero and Nama massacre of 1904. The article makes a critical contribution to linking the wartime camps with to earlier colonial forced labour camps outside wartime, especially since camps in the Boer war have been almost exclusively explored by military historians.

Timeline of the German and Herero, Nama War and Genocide

The 1904-1907 Herero and Nama revolt and genocide was the first use of concentration camps by the Germans.

The colonial development of concentration camps

The practice of concentrating civilians in guarded camps or centres, specifically as part of a counter-guerrilla military strategy during wartime, long pre-dated and outlasted the Second World War. In the light of fresh research this article looks comparatively at the function of the camps in four different colonial arenas between 1868 and 1908.