Jacques Ranciere

The Ignorant Schoolmaster: Five Lessons in Intellectual Emancipation

The Ignorant Schoolmaster: Five Lessons in Intellectual Emancipation

Rancière's classic book on education is committed to the idea of 'the equality of intelligence'.

Dis/placing political illiteracy: the politics of intellectual equality in a South African shack-dwellers’ movement

Abahlali baseMjondolo.

The production and abandonment of surplus people also depends on rendering them as improper political subjects. In the prevailing political discourse, poor people’s struggles are deemed less than political through notions such as the idea that all protest is related to the pace of “service delivery” or accusations of violence, as well as often explicit characterizations of dissenting people as ignorant. Such discursive moves imply and reinforce a conception of the poor black majority as unable to think and practice their own politics; that is, as politically illiterate group of people.