KPD

A Hundred Years Since the Murder of Luxemburg and Liebknecht

On this day [15 January] exactly a century ago Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht were brutally murdered in cold blood by Freikorps troops under the command of the Social Democratic Party. It decapitated the leadership of the young German Communist Party which then oscillated between putschism and opportunism for the rest of its existence. The consequences were that the world revolution, which the revolutionaries in Russia had counted on, did not take place.

A Hundred Years On: Lessons of the German Revolution

9 November is an auspicious date in the German historical calendar. 80 years ago this was the anniversary of Kristallnacht (the Night of Broken Glass) when synagogues were burned and 10,000 Jewish males were marched to concentration camps. It was the first step on the road to the genocide of millions. 28 years ago it was the day that the GDR authorities announced the dismantling of the Berlin Wall. However, a century ago it was also the date when the Kaiser announced his abdication in the face of a workers’ revolution which had begun with mutinies in Kiel before spreading across Germany.

Marksizm Pierwszej Międzynarodówki - Karl Korsch

pierwsza_międzynarodowka

Niemiecki marksista Karl Korsch o Pierwszej Międzynarodówce (Międzynarodowym Stowarzyszeniu Robotników). Tekst napisany w 1924 r.

Czego chce Związek Spartakusa? - Róża Luksemburg

Spartakusbund

Projekt programu Komunistycznej Partii Niemiec (Związku Spartakusa) napisany przez Różę Luksemburg. Jednogłośnie przyjęty i opublikowany w „Die Rote Fahne” (14 grudnia 1918 r.).

Life in the century's midnight

Photo of bodies being burned at Auschwitz taken by resistance member

A history of the left wing and Jewish resistance movement in the Auschwitz concentration camp during the holocaust, by Marcus Barnett.

Opposition and resistance in Nazi Germany

Group of Edelweiss Pirates being executed, Cologne 10 November 1944

Pamphlet offering a snapshot of some elements of the resistance to Nazism in Germany before and during World War II. It is not a comprehensive account and has some important omissions, discussed in the comments below.

Beating the fascists?: The German Communists and political violence 1929-1933 - Eve Rosenhaft

Eve Rosenhaft examines the involvement of Communist Party militants in political violence against Nazis during the years of Hitler's rise to power in Germany (1929-33).

The last words of Eugen Leviné

Eugen_Levine

Eugen Leviné (1883 – 1919) was one of the leaders of the short-lived Bavarian Council Republic and a member of the Communist Party of Germany. Along with hundreds of other workers, communists, socialists and anarchists, he was arrested following the attack on Munich by the German Army and the Freikorps, and later executed. In June 1919, while on trial for high treason, Leviné made his last speech.

National Bolshevism in Weimar Germany: alliance of political extremes against democracy - Abraham Ascher & Guenter Lewy

An article by Abraham Ascher and Guenter Lewy about the development of 'national bolshevism' in Germany between the World Wars.

Left-wing splinter parties in the Weimar Republic

A 1974 dissertation on various left-wing radical groups in Weimar Republic era Germany.