revolutions

Spanish civil war and revolution photo gallery, 1936-39

Anarchist workers in the Spanish revolution

Photo gallery of anarchists and other workers who attempted a social revolution after the military uprising of the right-wing General Francisco Franco in July 1936. Thanks to anarchismus.at for supplying some of the pictures.

Food rioters and the American Revolution - Barbara Clark Smith

The Boston Massacre during the American Revolution

On more than thirty occasions between 1776 and 1779, American men and women gathered in crowds to confront hoarding merchants, intimidate "unreasonable" storekeepers, and seize scarce commodities ranging from sugar to tea to bread. A good-sized minority of the crowds we know about consisted largely of women; a few others may have included men and women alike. Each crowd voiced specific local grievances, but it is clear that their participants sometimes knew of actions elsewhere and viewed each episode as part of a wider drama.

A political revolution for women? The case of Paris - Darline Gay Levy and Harriet B. Applewhite

Women' s March to Versailles during the French Revolution

The women's march to Versailles capped months of women's political involvement during the French Revolution - in Paris neighbourhoods, electoral assemblies, the conquest of the Bastille and in several dozen processions with the newly formed national guard. Thousands of marching women empowered themselves as citizens as they confronted and helped to abolish the monarchy - and then continued to confront the new authorities.

The origins of hunter-gatherer egalitarianism - Christopher Boehm

Christopher Boehm's theory on how rebellions against alpha-male despotism created hunter-gatherer egalitarianism (primitive communism) which humans maintained for 100,000 years.

"Once a prehistoric hunting band institutionalized a successful and decisive rebellion, and did away with the alpha-male role permanently ... it is easy to see how this institution would have spread."

Christopher Boehm is Director of the Jane Goodall Research Institute.

Social Structures, Political Elites and Ideology in Revolutionary Paris - Richard Andrews

The bourgeois and authoritarian nature of the sans-culottes in revolutionary Paris.

A people's history of the American revolution - Howard Zinn

Howard Zinn's critical history of the American Revolution against British rule and its impact on ordinary people.

The Cuban revolution: A critical perspective - Sam Dolgoff

Castro takes power in Havana

Sam Dolgoff's book offering a critical account of the Cuban Revolution of 1959 from anarchist perspective.

Theses on the Paris Commune - Situationist International

Parisian barricade - 1871

The Situationists reflect on the strengths and weaknesses of a great revolutionary moment; "the biggest festival of the nineteenth century".

"...it is time we examine the Commune not just as an outmoded example of revolutionary primitivism, all of whose mistakes can easily be overcome, but as a positive experiment whose whole truth has yet to be rediscovered and fulfilled."

Egyptian uprising - updates and discussion

Live updates and discussion from the Egyptian uprising which began on 25 January 2011.

The unknown revolution, 1917-1921 - Volin

Kronstadt workers and sailors demonstrate in 1917

Complete text of Volin's extensive work on the Russian Revolution, its usurping by the Bolsheviks and on workers' rebellions against the new dictatorship.