Miguel Amorós discusses the French riots of 2005, which he considers in the context of deindustrialization and the permanent exclusion of the underclass from the labor market, who were then stigmatized as a “public enemy” “in order to obtain the absolute submission” of the rest of the population, observing that the slums are “the laboratory for spectacular domination where the social management of the future was tested” and “political experiments were carried out in vivo that were later applied to all domains of society, when all of society had been transformed into a slum” and “the cities were being evacuated to provide accommodations only to tourists and elites”.
The Rage of the Slums – Miguel Amorós
"How long can this go on?
When are you going to blow it up?
You wanted the war of the worlds and here it is
What do you expect to achieve by setting fires?"
Lyrics of the hip hop group, Nique Ta Mère, from the 1995 album, "Paris sous les bombes"
This is my translation of a text that appeared on the internet on September 2nd, before the demonstrations on September 4th (which were not much to write home about). It's more like a discussion document than strictly news, and has probably looked at much of the same sources as my articles here. Everything in square brackets is an explanatory note, not in the original French. Apologies if this is, at times, "translatese" - i.e. clumsily and over-literally translated: it was done pretty quickly.
"Nomad life is no longer compatible with modern life in Europe"
- Francois Fillon, 30/8/10.
Jef Costello examines the reasons behind the recent wave of strikes and university occupations in France.
The keyword in current French politics is reform. Both presidential candidates claimed that France needs to modernise to be able to complete on a global level. Surveys showed that most voters identified both Royal and Sarkozy as 'candidats de la rupture' meaning that they represented a break, a break from the traditions of working class militancy and France's revolutionary and socialist past.
After the election of Nicolas Sarkozy as President of France there have been successive protests each night, mostly ending in confrontation with the police.
The has been a lot of unrest in France and yesterday; at an general meeting (AG) students at Tolbiac in Paris voted to go on strike and occupy the university. Some 700 of the campus's 10,000 students were present at the AG. It is being reported that some 500 students occupied the buildings overnight.
This Friday marked the first anniversary of the deaths of Zyed Benna and Bouna Traoré, who were electrocuted in an electricity substation while hiding from the police. Their deaths sparked off a wave of rioting across the French suburbs which left over 10000 vehicles burnt, 300 buildings destroyed, over 6000 arrests, 1328 imprisoned, 224 police/firefighters injured.
A silent march was held at ten o’clock on Friday morning and was attended by over 1000 people. The march was led by the families of the two dead boys, marching behind a banner “Zyed et Bouna, morts pour rien” (Zyed et Bouna dead for nothing). Many of the mostly young crowd were wearig t-shirts with either the names of the two boys or “morts pour rien” written on them.
The government should outline an exit with the crisis of the CPE tomorrow (Monday).
At 9am CET, after a private conversation between the President and his Prime Minister, a meeting will be held at Chirac's official residence, the Elysée.
According to a poll it is the high school and university trade unions who have been most "reinforced" by the CPE crisis, say to 67% of the French public.
The survey, by pollsters CSA for Le Parisien/Aujourd'hui en France and i-TELE, says that over 80% of the French now judge that the Prime Minister Dominique de Villepin (86%) and President Jacques Chirac (85%) have been "weakened" by the CPE crisis. Only 9% of the questioned people said that Villepin had been "reinforced", and 4% could not decide.
Latest news on President Jacques Chirac's speech to the nation on the CPE, and responses to it.
Update: A full text of the speech has been translated here.
Force Ouvrier have said that the five main trade unions shall meet again on April 5th, after the day of strikes and protests on April 4th.
Nicolas Sarkozy, the Interior Minister and General Secretary for the UMP (the party of the government) has spoken his mind for the first time on the issue of the CPE.
Villepins rival for the leadership of the centre-right going into the 2007 Predidential election can now be seen to be manoeuvring into a position of safety, out of the firing line, as this crisis deepens.
The following text is mostly drawn from an article by Le Monde.
Sarkozy has spoken, and again he's living up to his reputation.
In comments reminiscent of those infamous remarks he made last November, when at the time of suburban rioting he described the mixed underclass youth of the suburbs as "racaille" ("scum"), Sarkozy here again risks appearing to play the race card.