A look at revolutionary and anarcho-syndicalism in three countries with sizeable syndicalist organisations in the 20th century.
This is a reconceived version of 'Fascism and Anti-Fascism'. In this text, Dauvé shows how the wave of proletarian revolts in the first half of the twentieth century failed: either because they were crushed by the vicissitudes of war and ideology, or because their “victories” took the form of counter-revolutions themselves, setting up social systems which, in their reliance on monetary exchange and wage-labour, failed to transcend capitalism.
In these (January 2016) draft notes for a lecture on the “partiocracy” and its crisis—pertaining for the most part to Spain and Southern Europe—Miguel Amorós points out that, while the “professional politicians” continue to betray their former constituencies (relatively privileged layers of the middle class), and the civil society movement (the “left wing of capitalism”, “led for the most part by professors and lawyers”) tries to rally those same constituencies to support illusory “reforms”, a revolutionary response must involve at least in part the pursuit of a kind of “restoration” that takes its “inspiration from historical examples of non-capitalist ways of living together”.
Spanish Marxism vs Soviet Communism: A History of the P.O.U.M. in the Spanish Civil War - Victor Alba
Spanish Marxism Versus Soviet Communism is the first historical study of the P.O.U.M. to appear in English. Drawing from his multi-volume work on the subject, which was published in Spanish and Catalan, Victor Alba has collaborated with Stephen Schwartz to produce a condensed and amplified study that is far more than a translation.
Published by Victor Alba, a former member of the POUM, in 2001, just before his death, this text addresses problems that the author believes will be faced by any resurgence of collectives of the kind formed in Spain during the Civil War, specifically problems of a “psychological” kind, warning that any future attempts to form collectives—in a society that has become an “amorphous mesocratic miasma” that has suppressed working class culture and militant traditions—will be dominated by a desire for more money and possessions rather than concerns about the environment, natural resources, and energy, for instance, which require the acceptance of “austerity”, and quality rather than quantity.