Stephen Jay Gould

Science reading group: 'Ever Since Darwin'

Kickstarting a discussion on Stephen Jay Gould's first popular book form the late 70s, Ever Since Darwin.

The measure of a man

In this 2002 essay, neurobiologist Steven Rose remembers the life and work of Stephen Jay Gould, particularly his role in the 'radical science movement' Science For The People, his rejection of biological determinism, and his challenges to Darwinian orthodoxy.

Against "Sociobiology"

A letter from Stephen Jay Gould, Richard Lewontin and members of the Sociobiology Study Group outlining criticisms of, and objections to, EO Wilson's 'Sociobiology: the new synthesis'

The Politics of Biological Determinism

Stephen Jay Gould tackles the notion that existing social hierarchies reflect innate abilities in his essay on the heritability of intelligence.

Evolution: The Pleasures of Pluralism Debate

Gould in Simpsons

In the second part of his critique of 'ultra Darwinism', Gould tackles the methodology of evolutionary psychology while defending the idea that psychology has much to learn from evolutionary biology.

Darwinian Fundamentalism


Paleontologist and science writer Stephen Jay Gould tackles 'ultra-Darwinism' in the first part of his response to Daniel C. Dennett's 'Darwin's Dangerous Idea'. Gould challenges the excesses of what he sees as pan-adaptationism, determinism and reductionism.

Stephen Jay Gould: What Does it Mean to Be a Radical?

Gould in Simpsons

Marxist biologists Richard Lewontin and Richard Levins remember the life and career of paleontologist and science writer Stephen Jay Gould, and his role in the social criticism of science.

The spandrels of San Marco and the Panglossian paradigm: a critique of the adaptationist programme

Gould and Lewontin's oft-cited paper criticising what they see as the over-reliance on adaptationist explanations of many biologists.

Kropotkin was no crackpot - Stephen Jay Gould

Well-known evolutionary biologist/science historian Stephen Jay Gould defends Kropotkin's famous thesis that co-operation and mutual aid are factors of evolution at least as important as competition.