United Mine Workers

West Virginia's mine wars, 1920-1921

Miners give up their weapons after the battle of Blair mountain

A short historical account and background of the often violent conflict between workers and employers in West Virginia's mines in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, compiled by the West Virginia State Archives.

“You understand we are radical”: the United Mine Workers of America, District 18 and The One Big Union, 1919-1920

The story of the United Mine Workers of America District 18 and their path into, and then later out of, the radical One Big Union.

The US miners' strikes, 1919-1922 - Jeremy Brecher

Jeremy Brecher's account of the strike wave in American mines from 1919 to 1922, where coalminers fought the bosses, the government and even the unions often pitched battles involving guns, dynamite and even a makeshift air force.

US coal miners' strikes, 1894 - Jeremy Brecher

Jeremy Brecher's excellent account of the overlapping American miners' strikes in 1894: an unsuccessful national strike and a successful striking Cripple Creek, Colorado.

Colorado miners strike and Columbine mine massacre, 1927 - Sam Lowry

Short history of a strike by miners in Colorado in 1927 and the massacre of strikers at the Columbine mine by the state militia. The strike lead to an almost complete shut down of the mining industry in the state.