USSR

Unions against revolution - G. Munis

A critique of trade and syndicalist unions from a communist perspective by G. Munis.

No contradiction can exist between the economic and the political aspects of a revolutionary conception, even supposing the clearest organic and functional demarcation between them. The same is true for any reactionary conception.

Towards a political economy of Stalinism

Paul B.Smith reviews Hillel Ticktin's book: Origins of the Crisis in the USSR: Essays on the Political Economy of a Disintegrating System (from Radical Chains no.4)

Hillel Ticktin was probably the only theorist to predict that the USSR would disintegrate and one of the few who made an attempt to understand its laws by returning to Marx's critique of political economy. For this reason his work has been ignored both by bourgeois sovietology and by the left. Ticktin's work makes it possible to emerge from a theoretical wilderness of competing definitions of the USSR - 'degenerate workers state', 'state capitalist', 'bureaucratic collectivist' …

This is an important book. Written by a Marxist critic of both Western Sovietology and Stalinism, it is a major contribution to the critique of the political economy of the former USSR. As such it offers a refreshing contrast to the sterility of Cold War thought on the Soviet Union, whether bourgeois or socialist.

Political Economy of a Disintegrating Stalinism by Hillel Ticktin

putin

A Marxist analysis of Putin's Russia.

[i]The transition from a Stalinist economy to capitalism has been partial and has effectively failed, therefore, with global historic consequences. The reason lay partly in the hubris of the Western ruling class who subjected the Russian elite to a humiliating regime rather than assisting it, and partly in the nature of the epoch itself. Finance capital was dominant and in its nature predatory.

The Mystery of ABC of Communism (of Bukharin and Preobrazensky)

An academic article challenging the anti-bolshevik thesis that the bolshevik policies implemented in war communism period was an indication of their "innate" stalinism. Presenting his case on a reading of ABC of Communism, Lih questions the validity of bias against the Bolsheviks based on the idea that, they were already trying to establish state capitalism with War Communism and they were confusing state capitalism with socialism.

Stalin: Why and How - Boris Souvarine

Boris Souvarine

Souvarine describes Stalin's path of ascent to power as master of Party and State.

As Party Secretary, Stalin assumed control over the Orgraspred and Uchraspred, organs which allocated Party posts throughout the USSR and which dictated the composition of conferences and congresses (including those where his Party rivals, such as Trotsky, were defeated);

1920: The Sapozhkov uprising and the Army of Truth

A short account of the uprising led by Sapozhkov against the Communist government in 1920.

Alexander Sapozhkov came from a peasant family in Novouzensk county of Samara province. During the First World War, he graduated from the school of ensigns, rose from private to lieutenant and was awarded the medal of Knight of St. George. In 1917 he became a Left Socialist-Revolutionary and took an active part in the revolution in Saratov province.

Lamanov, Anatoli Nikolaevich 1889-1921

A short biography of Anatoli Lamanov, the voice and ideologist of the Kronstadt Revolt

Anatoli Lamanov was born on July 3rd 1889. His father was Lieutenant Colonel Nikolai P.

The Fomin mutiny on the Don, 1920-1922

The red Cossack who led a revolt against the Bolsheviks in the Don region

Iakov Efimovich Fomin was born in 1885 in the Cossack hamlet of Rubezhnoe in Elenskaia stanitsa in the Upper Don district (stanitsas were the village units of the Cossacks, primary units in political and economic administration). He served in an elite Don Cossack unit from 1906. He is described as being six feet tall with a red beard.

1921: The Maslakov mutiny and the Makhnovists on the Don

The Red Army, inspected by Trotsky, 1921

An account of the Maslakov mutiny in the Red Army which threw the Bolsheviks into consternation.

Beside me on the big bay horse raced Brigade Commander Gregory Maslakov. This was a man of great physical strength and desperate courage. There were in his behaviour major shortcomings, but courage in battle, the ability to win over the soldiers by personal example to achieve victory atoned for them.” Budyenny’s Memoirs

The class nature of sanctions - Wildcat

Hyperinflation: a 500 billion dinar note

Wildcat UK show how international sanctions imposed on former-Yugoslavian countries during the Yugoslav wars acted as attacks on the living conditions of the working class.

International trade sanctions imposed against various states in recent years can be roughly divided into two categories:

  1. Token sanctions like those imposed on South Africa in the 1980s. The function of these is more diplomatic than economic.