USSR

The Makhnovists and the Mennonites: war and peace in the Ukrainian Revolution

A Mennonite Selbstschutz unit photographed in the Ukraine, 1918

This is a story about massacres that occurred in Southern Ukraine between 26th October and 7th December, 1919. The victims, avowedly-pacifist German Mennonites, included several women and elderly people; in Eichenfeld, almost one third of the village population was killed, including a 65 year-old blind woman. All the massacres occurred in the vicinity of the Makhnovist army. And then, after six weeks, they stopped.

The Soviet Union versus socialism - Noam Chomsky

In this article, which was written close to the end of the cold war, Noam Chomsky argues against the association of socialism with Bolshevism.

The Russian revolution in retreat, 1920-24: Soviet workers and the new communist elite - Simon Pirani

Lenin with Stalin

This critically acclaimed book, published in 2008, focuses on the retreat from the revolution’s aims in 1920-24, after the end of the civil war – and specifically, on the turbulent relationship between the working class and the Communist Party in those years.

Several considerations – democratic centralist

Trotsky in exile in Alma-Ata with his family and his dog

Two articles from the Decist dissident faction within the Bolshevik party on the expulsion of Trotsky.

Did the Bolshevik seizure of power inaugurate a socialist revolution? A Marxian inquiry - Paresh Chattopadhyay

Chattopadhyay applies Marxian categories to the Russian Revolution of 1917 to examine its socialist content.

The Marxian Concept of Capital and the Soviet Experience - Paresh Chattopadhyay

Paresth Chattopadhyay's book elaborating on Marx's concept of capital and applying it to the economy of the 'Soviet' Union, attempting to show how the production, reproduction and accumulation of capital continued within 'actually-existing socialism', as well as critiquing alternative theories of the fSU as 'socialism' or 'neither socialism nor capitalism'.

Western Marxism and the Soviet Union - Marcel van der Linden

Marcel van der Linden reviews various Marxian theories on the nature of the Soviet Union.

The anarchist underground in Leningrad

Lydia Chukovskaya in 1926

A short account of the anarchist underground in Leningrad in the 1920s

History of the Makhnovist movement, 1918-1921 - Peter Arshinov

Nestor Makhno, with comrades

The full text of Peter Arshinov's definitive history of the revolutionary Ukrainian guerrilla movement led by anarchist Nestor Makhno.

Ante Ciliga,Trotsky, and State Capitalism: Theory, Tactics, and Re-evaluation during the Purge Era, 1935-1939 - Michael S Fox

Michael S. Fox on Trotsky and state capitalism during Stalin's purges. In PDF format.