Czechoslovakia 1968: What socialism? What human face? - Petr Cerny

Excellent pamphlet from Solidarity with a critique of the myth of the Prague Spring. It recounts the internal struggles in the Czech Communist Party as the technocrats outmanoeuvre the dogmatists, and the working class do not show their potential until the Soviet invasion. Contains a postscript on the anti-intellectual ideas of Jan Machajski by Paul Avrich.

The Makhnovshchina and Anti-Semitism- Nestor Makhno

A series of complaints about the pervasiveness of the allegations that the Makhnovschina where anti semitic and a list of the efforts gone to to disprove them.

The Idea of Equality and the Bolsheviks- Nestor Makhno


Eight years after the Russian Revolution rival leaders of the Bolshevik party attack the very idea of equality, this prompted renewed criticism from Nestor Makhno.

Kronstadt 1917-21: The fate of a soviet democracy - Israel Getzler

This is the first major study of revolutionary Kronstadt to span the period from February 1917 to the uprising of March 1921. This book focuses attention on Kronstadt's forgotten golden age, between March 1917 and July 1918, when Soviet power and democracy flourished there.

Soviet Union, China and other Stalinisms - reading guide

Further reading guide about "state socialist" countries. Unlike many books on Stalinist societies, these texts emphasise struggles from below:

The Master and Margarita- Mikhail Bulgakov

The Master and Margarita cover

The devil comes to destroy the USSR, and only a writer and his lover can stop him.

We - Yevgeny Zamyatin

In a country constructed of glass, under complete surveillance and devoid of individuality, D-503 discovers he has a soul and is now in danger.

Heart of a Dog - Mikhail Bulgakov

A scientist implants the testicles and pituitary gland of a recently deceased man into a stray dog, creating a monster. A damning critique of the New Soviet man and the Leninist program, written in 1925 it remained unpublished until 1987.