war

Lebanon, Iran and the ‘Long War’ in the ‘Wider Middle East’

Hardliner: Mahmoud Ahmadinejad

Aufheben analyse the long-term geopolitical aims of the US in the Middle East, following the election of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad as President of Iran in July 2005.

Introduction

Appendix: Oil Wars and New World Orders in Historical Context

Introduction[1]

Following the conversion of the Royal Navy from coal in 1911 and the development of petro-chemical industries after WW2, oil became a militarily and economically important resource for the major imperialist powers.

Against the double blackmail - Slavoj Žižek

Slobodan Milosevic, political blunder of the year

Madder than a Red Bull and Vodka fuelled Hen Party, the sloth of Slovenia gets rough and ready with Humanitarian Interventionism. The safe word is "McGuffin".

The prize-winner in the contest for the greatest blunder of 1998 was a Latin American patriotic terrorist who sent a letter-bomb to a us consulate in order to protest against the Americans interfering in local politics. As a conscientious citizen, he wrote on the envelope his return address; however, he did not put enough stamps on it, so that the post office returned the letter to him.

The Neoliberal Wars - Treason pamphlet

Warfare has significantly changed in the last thirty years. From 1945 until about 1975 most wars were
part of the worldwide movement of decolonisation that saw the formation of dozens of new states in
Africa and Asia. Since then most wars have been civil wars within the decolonised countries, sometimes

1894-1931: Anarchism in Korea

Tram in Pyongyang, Korea under the Japanese rule, 1930s

A short history of anarchism and the anarchist movement in North and South Korea.

In the 2,000 years of Korean history there arose movements fighting for peasants rights and for national independence. Within these movements there were tendencies that may be seen as forerunners of modern anarchism, in the same way as we might view the Diggers in the English revolution.

1988: The Halabja Massacre

5,000 dead - Halabja

The history of the Saddam Hussein's poison gas attack, with the complicity of the West, in the working class stronghold of Halabja.


Eyewitness in Halabja

1991: The South Iraq and Kurdistan uprisings

Kurdish fighters in 1991

The history of the uprisings in Southern Iraq and Kurdistan in 1990-91 which involved large numbers of mutinous troops who had deserted during the Kuwait Gulf War.

Crushed by Saddam Hussein's regime, the article covers the roles of the Allied forces and the Kurdish nationalist parties.

Ten Days that shook Iraq

1990-1991: The Gulf War

Noam Chomsky on the 1991 US and UK war with Iraq following Iraq's invasion of Kuwait.


When Iraq invaded Kuwait in August 1990, the United Nations Security Council immediately condemned Iraq and imposed severe sanctions on it. Why was the UN response so prompt and so unprecedently firm? The US government-media alliance had a standard answer.

1990-1991: Resistance to the Gulf War

Demonstrators crowd the streets of Washington to protest against the Gulf War

An account of the worldwide movement of resistance to the 1990-91 Gulf War. The resistance mainly took the form of strikes, marches, base blockades and refusals to fight.


Do you remember the first time?

1990-1991: Iraqi mass mutiny in the Gulf War

Thousands of deserting soldiers and civilians massacred by the US on the Basra r

History of the widespread desertion and mutiny in the Iraqi military which saw the rapid end of the occupation of Kuwait and the Gulf War of 1990-1 with the US and its allies.

There has been a long tradition of class struggle in Iraq, particularly since the revolution in 1958. With Saddam's strategy of a permanent war drive to maintain social peace this struggle has often taken the form of mass desertion from the army. During the Iraq-Iran war tens of thousands of soldiers deserted the army.