CNT & POUM Millitary Structure

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Bubbles
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Joined: 4-12-06
Jan 22 2007 03:03
CNT & POUM Millitary Structure

I was wondering if anyone had info on how their decisions where made, the lay-out of the command structure, differant specialized units (artilliry, armored, infantry, etc.) how they opperated on a day to day basis, etc. I'm also interested in any other libertarian millitary structures of revolutionary organizations. Please dont tell me to go watch libertarias or Land and Freedom, Ive seen them both plenty of times.

Salvoechea
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Joined: 17-05-04
Jan 22 2007 10:49

CNT militias changed from region to region. There were a few different patterns:

-In the north (Asturias, Santander and Basque Country) CNT militias were organised in battalions of 400-600. The decisions were top-down, having a semi-military structure. Delegates were elected according to ther capacity and prestige. The influence of the socialist party was quite bigger in these regions, and "liberarian" battalions were organised more or less the same than socialists battalions (relationship with socialists was relativly good).
In Asturias CNT had 9 battalions, in Santander 2 and in the Basque country 7.
-In Aragon (catalonian and levantine militias) were organised around the column model. 100 men were a 'centuria'. 5 centurias made an 'Agrupacion'. A group of Agrupaciones was a column. A usual column had 2000-2500 men (though Durruti column had 6000 and Ortiz / Sur-Ebro column had 4000). In Aragon there were 4 catalan anarchist columns around Huesca (Ascaso and Aguiluchos) and Zaragoza (Durruti and Ortiz), and 2 around Teruel (Torres-Benedito and La columna de Hierro). Decisions used to be made by the delegates and their staff (who had been previously chosen by the organisation).
-In Andalusia organisation was more 'free-style', guerrilla-like. The fight was around little groups of 50-100-200 people with virtually unarmed militians. The first big column came from Alicante, it was La columna Maroto with 700 men. Decisions were totally democratic.
-In the Centre of spain around Madrid, the organisations of the columns was something between Aragon and the north. There were battalions and columns at the same time. (Columna del Rosal, Columna Amor, Columna España Libre, batallon Siguenza, batallon Toledo, batallon Espartacus...)

At the time of militarization there were around 100,000 militians, half of them belonged to CNT, UGT had around 30,000, the CP 10,000 and POUM 5,000 and republicans the rest.

Not much people knows that when the republican army grew to 600,000 CNT considered that around 30-40% of the soldiers belonged to cnt (+200,000 men). Communists propaganda usually says that the anarchists were wasting time and efforts in the collectives while the were not doing enough in the war fronts.

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Bubbles
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Jan 23 2007 10:00

Thanks!