The Wandering of Humanity

The Wandering of Humanity
Jacques Camatte

Table of Contents

* Publication details
* Original Black & Red Introduction

I. The Wandering of Humanity - Repressive Consciousness -
1. Despotism of Capital
2. Growth of Productive Forces; Domestication of Human Beings
3. Repressive Consciousness
4. Communism
II. Decline of the Capitalist Mode of Production or Decline of Humanity ?

Publication Details

These two essays by Jacques Camatte, translated by Fredy Perlman,
were published under the title The Wandering of Humanity by Black
& Red (Detroit) in 1975. They were reprinted in the Autonomedia
anthology Against Domestication in 1995. The original publication
details are given in the Black & Red introduction reprinted

Original Black & Red Introduction

The essays included in the present work first appeared in the
journal Invariance ( Année 6, Série II No. 3, 1973 ) with the
titles, "Errance de l'humanité; Conscience repressive;
Communisme," and "Declin du mode de production capitaliste ou
declin de l'humanité ?" The author of these essays, Jacques
Camatte, worked with Amadeo Bordiga and the group of Marxist
theoreticians who were known as the Italian communist left. After
the events which took place in France in May of 1968, Camatte,
together with his comrades on Invariance, began a critical
analysis of the activities of the Italian communist left, the
work of Bordiga as well as the work of Marx. The title of the
journal originally referred to "the invariance of the theory of
the proletariat," the theory of the League of Communists and the
First International. By 1973 critics said of this journal that
"nothing varies more than Invariance." Camatte and his comrades,
pursuing the critical analysis they had begun, were led to
conclude that "what is invariant is the aspiration to rediscover
the lost human community, and this cannot take place through a
reestablishment of the past, but only through new creation."
Their theoretical quest led them to a complete rejection of the
theory of revolutionary parties and organizations, the theory of
revolutionary consciousness, the theory of the progressive
development of productive forces. "The French May movement showed
that what is needed is a new mode of living, a new life." ( The
above quotations are from the last article in Invariance No. 3,
1973. )

( ... ) The essays in the present work were translated from
French by Fredy Perlman with assistance from Camatte; the
illustrations were selected and prepared by Allan Foster;
Lorraine Perlman and Judy Campbell participated in the
photography, printing and binding.
( ... )