Egypt - Reaction to Morsi and MB seizure of power

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Nov 23 2012 13:59
Egypt - Reaction to Morsi and MB seizure of power

Fresh from his anointing with the blessings of the US State Dpt. in the shape of la Clinton, for his role in brokering the Israeli/Hamas ceasefire, the Muslim Brotherhood president of Egypt, Mohammed Morsi, announced this morning sweeping new powers, transforming his presidency into a virtual dictatorship on the model of the old Mubarak regime.

The move has been long-anticipated by the progressive factions of the Feb 2011 movement, who have progressively withdrawn from the consultative council charged with drawing up the new constitution, denouncing it as a right-wing islamist stich-up between the MB and the Salafis.

Still the cynicism of the timing of the move, bought as it is by the blood of the Palestinians of Gaza, has nonetheless prompted a furious response. Egyptian TV news is reporting the torching of Muslim Brotherhood party offices in several locations and different cities, as well as violent clashes between pro- and anti-MB demonstrators.

Whether this signals the opening of a new wave of struggles against the new composition of a US- and Israeli-approved Egyptian dictatorship, or whether these are the last gasps of protest before the MB crushes all opposition, remains to be seen. Similarly the cohesion of the new power, with its contradictory historical ties to Hamas, vulnerability to anti-Israeli forces both within its own body, and on its Salafi flank, remains to be proved.

BBC: Egypt protesters torch Muslim Brotherhood offices

Al Arabiya: Egypt braces for mass rallies after Mursi grabs sweeping powers

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Nov 23 2012 14:36

Apparently Tahrir square is filling up again. Security Forces firing tear gas at the protesters.

Seconds out, round two?

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Nov 23 2012 14:57

It'll be interesting to see. Morsi's justification for seizing judicial power, is to dismiss the current Attourney General who was appointed under Mubarak and a lot of people blame for allowing many of the Mubarak regime people put on trial for the killing of protestors in the Feb revolution to be acquitted. Together with announcing the retrial of all the forementioned acquitted, he can present himself as responding to the demands of all the people who demonstrated against those acquittals or thought they were part of the Mubarak regime old guard protecting themselves.

Yet, under that pretext, he has effectively seized dictatorial powers as there is currently no parliament (it was dismissed by the judiciary on trumped up legalisms - Morsi's declaration is also, ostensibly, to prevent this sort of abuse in future), so he is governing by dictat with no accountability to anyone or anything - other than the US paymasters, the army, and the MB itself, of course.

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Nov 23 2012 15:05

The chant going around Tahrir is 'Morsi is Mubarak - Revolution everywhere'.

A lot of people have noticed the fact that Morsi gave his speech away from Tahrir to a crowd of his supporters. It seems to be only serving to reinforce the image of him as Mubarak 2.0

Edit: Also, the Ultras have turned up at Tahrir.

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Nov 23 2012 15:12

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=nmjNB75QF2E

Video of the Ultras turning up at Tahrir.

The Guardian wrote:
Egyptian ultras, organised anti-authoritarian football supporters who played a key role in the demonstrations which ousted Mubarak, have mobilised in Cairo today, this video shows.

(Also, how do you embed videos on here?)

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Nov 23 2012 15:17

Guardian liveblog

Quote:
There has still bee no reaction from the US on Morsi's declaration.

The International Monetary Fund has just signed $4.8bn deal with Egypt, which angered leftist protesters in Cairo.

The deal involves cutting Egypt's deficit from 11% to 8.5% in two years.

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Nov 23 2012 15:34

https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=445046758886643&set=a.3417602192...

google translate from the caption:

Quote:
Egypt: anarchist flag over the headquarters of the Muslim Brotherhood party fascist burned

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Nov 23 2012 15:48

That pic made starting this thread worthwhile. grin

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Nov 23 2012 15:56

Looks like it's spread to El-Mahalla. Reports that the Muslim Brotherhood HQ has been surrounded.

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Nov 23 2012 16:16

Have you got a link to that Auto? Cheers if you have.

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Nov 23 2012 16:25

There was a tweet re-posted on the Guardian live blog at 12:21 gmt

Quote:
Clashes between Morsi supporters and the president's opponents have been reported in Mahalla Al-Kubra and Alexandria.

marlyn@virtualactivism
Clashes in Mahalla bet anti and pro Morsi. Security surrounding Ikhwan building to secure them. #egypt
https://twitter.com/virtualactivism/statuses/271944904232562688

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Nov 23 2012 16:29

Also mentions on Al Ahram live blog part 1

Quote:
16:56 Leading Freedom and Justice Party member Essam El-Erian condemns reported attacks on FJP offices in several governorates.

"They are acts of thuggery hiding behind [opposition] political forces.”

The FJP HQ in Alexandria was partially torched. There were also attempts to break into the Brotherhood HQ in Tanta and Mahalla. Fighting between “thugs” and Brotherhood supporters in Mahalla resulted in injuries on both sides.
[...]
14:08 Street fights have also erupted in the industrial city of Mahalla between pro and anti-Brotherhood protesters.

14:05 Moving East to Port Said, eyewitnesses are reporting that hundreds are marching on the local office of the Muslim Brotherhood's Freedom and Justice Party.

NB current Al Ahram live blog is part 2 here

edit: Al Ahram times gmt+2

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Nov 23 2012 16:35

@Baboon:

The source I read was a tweet from Daily News Egypt:

The Daily News Egypt wrote:
Reports from Al Mahalla city confirming that protesters are surrounding the #MuslimBrotherhood headquarters after 50 got injured

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Nov 23 2012 16:41

I also find it interesting how quickly and efficiently things are being organised in Tahrir and elsewhere. Field hospitals already set up before the fighting really started, designated routes through the square for the wounded marked out using washing line, attempts to list what supplies are needed so that people can bring them.

The collective memory of 2011 seems to be very strong, and means that the protesters know exactly what to expect and are preparing for it.

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Nov 23 2012 18:39

Britain and the Muslim Brotherhood: Collaboration during the 1940s and 1950s

Quote:
The Egyptian revolution
Foreign Office officials have recently held various meetings with the Muslim Brotherhood, which have been unreported in the British media. The policy is one of ‘insuring’ Britain in the event of the Brotherhood playing a key role in Egypt’s transition and protecting an $11 billion investment by BP. FOI requests by the author for more details on these meetings have been refused by the Foreign Office on the grounds of the ‘public interest’.

March 2012 press release for the updated edition of Mark Curtis' book Secret Affairs: Britain’s Collusion with Radical Islam

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Nov 24 2012 10:43

more stuff: http://juralib.noblogs.org/category/la-liberte-est-le-crime-qui-contient...

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Nov 25 2012 14:15

https://www.facebook.com/maspero.union/posts/470577946319188

Quote:
Press Syndicate announces general strike against Morsy's decree, calls for a march Tuesday. #nov27 #egypt #tahrir"

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Nov 26 2012 09:49

http://juralib.noblogs.org/2012/11/25/revolution-egyptienne-combats-dans...

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Nov 26 2012 10:30

from yesterday

Quote:
Brotherhood's Shura Council chairman criticises Morsi declaration
---
Chairman of Egypt's Shura Council - and member of Brotherhood's FJP - takes all by surprise by voicing opposition to President Morsi's divisive constitutional declaration
Gamal Essam El-Din , Sunday 25 Nov 2012
---
Ahmed Fahmi, chairman of the Islamist-dominated Shura Council (the upper, consultative house of Egypt's parliament), seized on Thursday's council session to criticise the constitutional declaration issued by President Mohamed Morsi on 22 November.
"We had hopes that President Morsi would put the constitutional declaration before a national referendum," Fahmi said. He also argued that the declaration "has severely divided the nation into Islamists and civilians." Fahmi urged Morsi to conduct a national dialogue with all forces to put an end to the crisis triggered by the declaration.

Fahmi’s comments came as a surprise to many, given that not only is the chairman of the Shura Council a leading member of the Freedom and Justice Party (FJP) – the political arm of Muslim Brotherhood from which Morsi hails – but he is also a relative of Morsi himself.

In its brief debate over Morsi’s declaration, the council itself was divided into supporters and opponents. Islamists, led by FJP and the ultraconservative Salafist Nour Party, hailed Morsi’s declaration.
[...]

Al Ahram

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Nov 26 2012 10:33

in a similar vein

Quote:
A prominent member of the Muslim Brotherhood has condemned President Morsi for giving himself sweeping powers in a recent Constitutional Declaration.
Mohamed Abdel-Qodous, a member of the Muslim Brotherhood and head of the Freedoms Committee at the Journalists Syndicates, said: "I am sorry Mr President. Despite my membership of the Brotherhood, I am a son of the revolution for freedom and I reject the move giving you absolute power, regardless of the reasons behind it or how long it will be in place."

He made the comments via Twitter on Saturday.

AA: Prominent Muslim Brother condemns Morsi decree

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Nov 26 2012 10:52
Quote:
Morsi to meet judges to seek compromise
By Heba Saleh in Cairo

Mohamed Morsi, Egypt’s Islamist president is due to meet senior judges on Monday in an attempt to contain a mounting crisis sparked by his edict placing all his decisions beyond judicial review until the election of a new parliament, possibly by the middle of next year.

The Egyptian stock exchange plunged on opening for a second day on Monday by a further 4 per cent on fears of impending political instability before reversing its losses and climbing by around 5 per cent. The bourse had plunged by 10 per cent on Sunday, one of its worst days since last year’s revolt which unseated Hosni Mubarak as president.
[...]
The Egyptian market had risen by 35 per cent since the election of Mr Morsi in June, making it one of the best performing in the world. An initial agreement signed last week with the International Monetary Fund for a $4.8bn loan had raised hopes that the Egyptian economy, battered by two years of political unrest, might turn a corner and start attracting investment.

Mr Morsi’s decree has, at least momentarily, united the country’s fragmented secular and liberal opposition groups who have called for a day of marches and protests on Tuesday. In response, the president’s Muslim Brotherhood group, which is capable of bringing out tens of thousands of people on the streets, is also preparing a rally on Tuesday. Over the weekend scores of demonstrators erected a protest camp in Tahrir Square – the scene of large protests on Friday and the epicentre of last year’s revolt which ousted President Hosni Mubarak – and closed the square to traffic.
[...]

FT (paywalled)

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Nov 26 2012 11:34

This from last Tuesday gives some background on the financial and economic timelines.

Quote:
Egypt and IMF agree $4.8bn loan
By Heba Saleh in Cairo

Egypt has reached a long-awaited initial agreement with the International Monetary Fund for a $4.8bn loan widely seen as crucial to salvaging its damaged economy after almost two years of political turbulence.

The deal, which Cairo hopes will restore confidence in its economy and spur the return of foreign investment, is key to unblocking a wider financial package of assistance from a range of external donors that totals $14.5bn, including the IMF loan.
[...]
The agreement will be presented for final approval to the IMF executive board on December 19.
Andreas Bauer, the head of the IMF technical team which negotiated the agreement, said that fiscal reforms to rein in the deficit were “a key pillar of the programme”.

He said the reform programme targeted bringing down the deficit to 8.5 per cent in the fiscal year that will start in July.

“The [Egyptian authorities] plan to reduce wasteful expenditures, including by reforming energy subsidies[...]

The 25 per cent top rate for income and corporate tax would not change, the cabinet said in a statement issued after the deal was announced.

Energy subsidies, which cost $17.5bn last year, account for 20 per cent of the Egyptian budget. Egyptian administrations, even before the revolt which toppled Hosni Mubarak as president last year, acknowledged that the fuel subsidies were wasteful and a drag on the economy. But they shied away from cutting them for fear of provoking social unrest.
[...]
“We see energy subsidy reform as a gradual process, and not as something to be done overnight,” said Mr Bauer. “Given the magnitude, it will take several years to wind them down, and to get buy in [from the population] and protect those in need, savings cannot be used exclusively to reduce the deficit but must also shore up necessary social spending.”

Both Mr Bauer and Mr Araby have been keen to stress that the economic programme is homegrown and not imposed by the fund. Mr Araby said Egypt would have adopted this programme with or without the IMF loan. Their assurances are aimed at pre-empting criticism from government opponents who charge that by resorting to the IMF and its conventional market-oriented prescriptions, the new Islamist authorities are walking in the footsteps of the ousted regime and adopting policies which can only add to the burdens on the poor.

Diplomats and sources close to the negotiations say there is a strong international desire to help stabilise the rule of Mohamed Morsi, the new Islamist president and avert economic shocks which could provoke unrest in the Arab world’s most populous nation.

So the timeline from the MB point of view, given that Morsi announced an extension to mid-Feb for the constitutional council to deliver, would be to get the new constitution passed by referendum in March, leading to new elections in April/May, in order to allow a new MB/Salafi government time to bed in and announce the IMF-agreed cuts budget for the Egyptian financial year starting 1 July next.

Of course, there's a few political hurdles to overcome first.

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Nov 26 2012 12:03

And the first act of the President after seizing plenipotentiary powers? Attacking the unions. Quelle surprise.

Quote:
Without any formal announcement, President Mohamed Morsy ratified on Saturday a law that allows the government to appoint its loyalists to the Egyptian Trade Union Federation.
[...]
This is the first law to be decreed by Morsy following his 22 November declaration, which granted his decisions immunity against challenges.

According to the new law, the manpower minister, who is affiliated with the Muslim Brotherhood, may appoint workers who are members of the group in leadership positions that would become vacant in the ETUF, which has always been affiliated with the government.

The new law canceled Article 23, which allowed union membership without age limit [NB gives govt. power to forcibly retire union personnel over retirement age]. It also grants the minister the right to appoint board members of unions if the minimum required number of members is not attained for any reason, to fill the vacant seats on the board.

Labor activists fear the law paves the way for Brotherhood control of the federation.
[...]
State-controlled unions have monopolized the country’s trade union movement since 1957. However, the monopoly was weakened with the establishment of the first independent trade union in December 2008.

The 25 January revolution served to further dissolve this monopoly by giving workers the chance to establish independent unions.

But the ETUF still has a significant role in the country, since it represents about 2.5 million workers in 23 unions.
[...]
Kamal Abu Eita, head of the Egyptian Federation of Independent Trade Unions, said federation members would attend the Tuesday demonstrations to protest the new labor law, adding that they plan to confront the amendments with partial and all-out strikes.

Abu Eita told independent daily Youm7 that the president had gone too far on using his legislative powers. He added that Morsy’s decision won him and the Brotherhood new foes, arguing that amendments to the labor law seek to "Brotherhoodize" trade unions.

Egypt Independent: Morsy issues law paving way for Brotherhood control of trade federation

No doubt part of the unofficial protocols of the IMF agreement.

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Nov 26 2012 15:27

https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=4902320116914&set=a.442527559109...

Quote:
Freedom for our comrades in the Egyptian Libertarian Socialist Movement! 3 court cases have been filed by the Muslim Brotherhood regime against anarchist activists, for inciting workers to strike and fabricated counts of vandalism. FREEDOM for our comrades Mohamed Serag El-Din, Mohamed Ezz and Ali El-Kastawy.

edit: some background from LSM:

Quote:
Mursi's shaky system and it's allies, the corrupted capitalist looters, are panickingbecause of the enormous wave of workers struggle that is flowing across Egypt. So they decide to fight back workers and LSM members assuming that this will stop the flood of workers struggles. they accuse our comrade Mohamed Serag el-Din (workers in el-Max Salt Company) accusinG him of vandalism, Punishing him for his solidarity with his temporary employment colleagues and they actually sentenced him for one month, Also a report has been filed against comrade Mohamed Ezz (college student) accusing him of inciting Pirelli workers to strike and protest, Punishing him for his efforts to support the workers during their strike against their management, and last the accusation that is fabricated against comrade Ali el-Kastawy (struggler and workers lawyer) for the same reasons.

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Nov 26 2012 23:05

Egypt Independent:
Labor activists: New decree eyes 'Brotherhoodization' of unions

Jano Charbel wrote:

A controversial labor decree issued by President Mohamed Morsy on Sunday has been denounced and met with resistance from both the state-controlled workers’ federation and from independent unions.

Morsy’s decree No. 97/2012 was issued shortly after he also put out a constitutional declaration on 22 November, claiming a sweeping range of powers for himself which insulate him from accountability and judicial oversight.

Decree No. 97 stipulates that board members of the state-controlled Egyptian Trade Union Federation (ETUF) over the age of 60 are to be replaced by newly appointed members. This decree also stipulates a six-month extension to the ETUF board-members’ term of office, or the issuing of a new trade union law to replace Law 35/1976 and determine the date of elections — whichever comes first.

The ETUF’s last elections were held in October-November 2006. Its five-year term means that ETUF elections should have taken place in October-November 2011. However, in light of parliamentary and presidential elections, the union elections were postponed for a year — and now for another half year.

Morsy’s most recent decree contradicts announcements issued by the Muslim Brotherhood’s Khaled al-Azhary, now serving as minister of manpower, who in September declared that ETUF elections were to be held in October-November 2012.

Decree No. 97 is “an attempt by the Brotherhood to control the union structure which had previously been monopolized by the Mubarak regime,” comments Wael Habib, a caretaker board member of the ETUF.

Habib adds, “This is merely an attempt to replace old members of the National Democratic Party (NDP) with newer members from the now-ruling regime: the Muslim Brotherhood and its Freedom and Justice Party.”

“This decree has been tailored to fit only the Brotherhood and FJP. It ignores our demands for a minimum and maximum wage, the right to strike, the issuing of the Trade Union Liberties Law — which was prepared over a year ago and shelved ever since — and other demands,” says Habib.

“Morsy has proven to Egypt’s workers that the regime of dictator Mubarak was much more concerned with workers’ rights than the Brotherhood,” Habib argues. “Morsy has again shown that the Brotherhood is seeking to hijack the ETUF and the Manpower Ministry, along with the rest of the country.”

Habib explains that Decree 97 directly targets tens of ETUF unionists over the age of retirement, 60 years, “not because of their age, but because of their political affiliations and associations with the Mubarak regime.” Habib adds that most of these older unionists were members of the NDP. “Morsy is not seeking workers’ rights as he claims. He is only settling scores with the old regime.”

The ETUF’s elections, according to the provisions of Law 35/1976, are indirect elections whereby workers only get to vote for their local union committees — around 2,000 workplace unions nationwide. Meanwhile, the boards of the ETUF’s 24 general unions are selected through appointments and default elections.

Prior to the 25 January revolution, the ETUF’s executive board consisted of 22 NDP members out of 24, most of whom were over the age of 60. However, in early 2011 then-Minister of Manpower Ahmed Hassan al-Borai appointed tens of caretaker board-members to replace certain ETUF executives. Borai also presided over the drafting of the long-anticipated Trade Union Liberties Law. However, Borai’s initiatives appear to be in the process of being sidelined by the Morsy regime.

“We will never accept this new decree under any circumstance,” Habib says. The ETUF caretaker, who hails from the Misr Spinning and Weaving Company in Mahalla, says that workers’ protests against Morsy’s decrees would be staged at Al-Shaun Square in Mahalla on Tuesday and the ETUF would also organize rallies, marches and sit-ins.

Decree 97 has also been denounced by the Egyptian Federation of Independent Trade Unions (EFITU). Fatma Ramadan, executive board member of the EFITU, says, “Morsy’s first decree, following his complete takeover of state powers on 22 November, is a labor decree. This is a clear indicator that Morsy is seeking to monopolize the labor movement by first ‘Brotherhoodizing’ the Ministry of Manpower, and now the ETUF.”

“Morsy is clearly preparing a systematic crackdown against Egypt’s union movement, against the right to strike, against the right to organize and against union plurality,” Ramadan argues. “Morsy is attempting to put on a mask of democracy as he points out that the ETUF leadership was appointed by the Mubarak regime. Yet he is not seeking democracy in the ETUF, he is only looking to fill the federation’s seats with members of his own regime.”

“The Brotherhood-controlled Ministry of Manpower is now in the process of facilitating this takeover of the ETUF,” the organizer adds. “This is a blatant and unwarranted intervention in union affairs from the state.”

She went on to add that the right to establish independent unions is protected by international law — specifically the International Labor Organization’s Conventions No. 87 and 98 — which the Egyptian state ratified in the 1950s.

“We will never remain silent against these transgressions,” Ramadan says. “At the EFITU we are standing against Morsy’s takeover of the state and against the Ministry of Manpower’s takeover of the ETUF.” She adds that the EFITU has pitched two tents in Tahrir Square and is participating in the open-ended sit-in “against Morsy’s dictatorial decrees.”

Weeks earlier, the EFITU had threatened to resort to the administrative courts over Morsy and Azhary’s anticipated decisions. However, the president’s constitutional declaration on 22 November served to insulate his regime from such judicial appeals.

A host of NGOs, including the Center for Trade Union and Workers’ Services, the Egyptian Democratic Labor Congress, the Egyptian Center for Economic and Social Rights and the Land Center for Human Rights, have also issued statements denouncing Morsy’s constitutional declaration and Decree 97.

According to Karam Saber, director of the Land Center, “If Morsy was genuinely concerned about union plurality and democracy, then he would’ve issued the Trade Union Liberties Law to guarantee these rights."

“Instead he is simply removing old members of the NDP and appointing younger members from his Brotherhood and FJP.”

Saber explains that over 80 percent of ETUF executives are over the age of 60 and are former members of the NDP or Mubarak loyalists.

“If Morsy was genuinely concerned about democracy within the ETUF, then he would’ve called for trade union elections so that workers can democratically vote for their representatives,” he says. “Instead he has postponed these elections even further, while he seeks to handpick his own representatives.”

According to Saber, the Brotherhood wants to expand its sphere of influence beyond professional syndicates — white collar unions such as the lawyers, doctors or engineers — into the blue collar workers’ unions.

“I believe that the Brotherhood is exclusively interested in taking over the ETUF along with its workers’ bank, holiday resorts, workers’ university and its cultural centers across the country,” Saber says. “Not only do they want to Brotherhoodize the state, they also want to Brotherhoodize and monopolize the union movement.”

Yousry Bayoumi, a Muslim Brotherhood caretaker board member of the ETUF, could not be reached for comment. Attempts to reach Khaled al-Azhary were unsuccessful, as were attempts to contact Alaa Awwad, the ministry’s spokesperson.

https://twitter.com/JanoCharbel

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Nov 27 2012 12:02

Guardian: live updates

Ahram online: live updates

Quote:

Good morning, we open our coverage of mass protests expected against President Morsi's recent "power grab." Starting on Cairo's Tahrir Square, continuing clashes  between protesters and police enter their eighth day.
[…]
opposition parties and groups have called for 'million-man' marches and are currently staging an open-ended sit-in on Tahrir Square since Friday, in protest at President Mohamed Morsi's Thursday declaration which "gives the president Pharaoh-like powers,” according to protesters…

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Nov 27 2012 14:09

Tahrir live stream from Reuters
http://reuters.livestation.com/demo

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Nov 27 2012 15:48

AA: Brotherhood about-face in Alexandria: they will march with hardline Islamists in support of Morsi

Quote:
The Brotherhood will participate in mass marches on Tuesday with hardline Gamaa Al-Islamiya and Salafist Call, confirmed Anas El Qady, official spokesman of Brotherhood in Alexandria on Monday evening as thousands of Gamaa Al-Islamiya members gathered in support of President Morsi's controversial constitutional declaration.

Opposition parties and organisations called for mass rallies and million-man marches on Tuesday in protest over the consitutional declaration, which they decry puts Morsi and Islamist-led parliament and Constituent Assembly out of judicial reach.

The group, which had announced alternative rallies across the country in support of the president's decrees, later said they would postpone them to a later date, in order to avoid possible clashes with opponents of the decree. Yet, in a further about-face, the Brotherhood's Alexandria spokesman said they would in fact march in Alexandria, Egypt's second largest city, which on Friday witnessed anti-Morsi demonstrators breaking into the headquarters of the Brotherhood's political arm, the Freedom and Justice Party, and ransacking it.

Looks like the Alexandrine Ikhwan want a show-down with the opposition after last Friday's humiliation.

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Nov 28 2012 17:47

Both MB and anti-Morsi protestors claim Damanhour slain teen as their own. Leading to most uncomfortable funeral ever...
AA: The battle for the 'martyr' of Damanhour

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Nov 28 2012 18:03

Good opinion piece from Egypt Independent

Revolutionaries must resist Morsy, but also the feloul

Quote:
[...]
It is not in the interest of the revolutionary movement to bring Morsy down with a coup, as it will result in an even worse dictatorship whose chief goal will be to eliminate all opposition "to save the country from an imminent danger."

But nor is it in their interest to see Morsy crush his opposition and secure his grip on power. That would be like a weak man winning a bet to become dictator, similar to what happened with former President Anwar Sadat.
[...]
The real problem is with the structure of Morsy's opposition. Due to the absence of a major coherent revolutionary bloc, Morsy's opposition is a mishmash of powers that belong to the corrupt former Mubarak regime and other centrist-liberal-reformist-populist powers — which can be collectively termed as "civilian powers," regardless of the exact meaning of that term.

Regrettably, since those civilian powers are not revolutionary and have an indistinguishable centrist character, they tend to reconcile, and even ally, with former regime supporters in their battle against Morsy, believing he is their arch-rival.
[...]
The revolutionaries' mission is tough, but inevitable. They should engage in a battle against the non-revolutionary and confused Brotherhood's dictatorship without falling into the trap of allying with other enemies of the revolution.

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Nov 29 2012 12:25

MENA: Independent union federation rejects president’s power grab

Foreign Policy: Egyptian labor between Morsi and Mubarak