I was looking at the libcom library earlier, looking over the Luxemburg stuff. No doubt she was a crtical thinking marxist. Critical of the dominant social democracy and of what was to become leninism. All fine and good I suppose.
Often times many anarchists get worked up about Luxemburg. Good stuff she has written. But she was by no mean symapthetic to anarchism.
In her very interesting book "The Mass Strike" , her very first chapter is
"The Russian Revolution, Anarchism and the General Strike." As you will see, her criticisms of anarchism are particularly sharp.Following in the footsteps of Engels ("The Bakuninists at Work"http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1873/bakunin/index.htm )
"Almost all works and pronouncement of international socialism on the subject of the mass strike date from the time before the Russian Revolution [of 1905], the first historical experience on a very large scale with the means of struggle. It is therefore evident that they are, for the most part, out-of-date. Their standpoint is essentially that of Engels who in 1873 wrote as follows in his criticism of the revolutionary blundering of the Bakuninist in Spain..."
"Anarchism has become in the Russian Revolution, not the theory of the struggling proletariat, but the ideological signboard of the counterrevolutionary lumpenproletariat, who, like a school of sharks, swarm in the wake of the battleship of the revolution. And therewith the historical career of anarchism is well-nigh ended."
"The revolutionary struggle in Russia, in which mass strikes are the most important weapon, is, by the working people, and above all by the proletariat, conducted for those political rights and conditions whose necessity and importance in the struggle for the emancipation of the working-class Marx and Engels first pointed out, and in opposition to anarchism fought for with all their might in the International. Thus has historical dialectics, the rock on which the whole teaching of Marxian socialism rests, brought it about that today anarchism, with which the idea of the mass strike is indissolubly associated, has itself come to be opposed to the mass strike which was combated as the opposite of the political activity of the proletariat, appears today as the most powerful weapon of the struggle for political rights."
Interestingly, the pamphlet was written as the stirrings of revolutionary and anarcho-syndicalism were begining. By 1910 mass anacrho-syndicalist unions were organized/organizing in France, Sweden and Spain.with mass workers movements to follow in Italy and Argentina. Contrary to the marxian notion that the core essence of anarcho-syndicalism can ring loudly amon working people.