1800s

1883- The Timok Rebellion

A history of the uprising of Peasant communes in Eastern Serbia after the King tried to seize their weapons.

1874: The Tompkins Square Police Riot

An account of a cop riot in 1874 where mounted police attacked public demonstrations by organised Unemployed workers associations in New York. Taken from wikipedia.

Revolutionary Spain: Karl Marx

A series of articles written about the revolutionary upheaval in Spain during the 19th century, written by Karl Marx for the New York Daily Tribune.

1857: Brazilian Slaves Strike Against ID Tags

In 1857 a mix of slaves and free black labourers struck to resist an ID tag system and tax on their trade.

Grand National Holiday, and Congress of the Productive Classes: William Benbow

Carciature of William Benbow in 1848 issue of Punch

Published in 1832 this pamphlet is possibly the earliest published advocacy for a general strike as a means for dismantling inequality and the oppression of the ruling class. Self published by William Benbow an unconventional preacher and 19th century radical, the "Sacred Month" was adopted by the Chartists in 1839 though Benbow was arrested before it started.

The Chartist Grand National Holiday: The General Strike of 1839

An article by Past Tense on the first attempted general strike called by the Chartist movement for August 1839. It also compares the ideas of the strikes main proponent, William Benbow with other theorists on Mass and General Strikes.

The general strike of 1842

As many as half a million workers may have been caught up in a strike wave which linked demands for the Charter and an end to pay cuts. This page tells the story and names the leaders.

The Cherokee Removal Through the Eyes of a Private Soldier

In May 1838, federal militias started to round up Cherokees and move them into stockades in several southern states. They were then forced to march one thousand miles westward. Thousands of Cherokees died as a result of the removal. The journey became known as "The Trail of Tears" or "The Trail Where They Cried." Fifty years later, in 1890, Private John Burnett, who served in the mounted infantry; told his children his memories of the Trail of Tears1, which he described as the "execution of the most brutal order in the History of American Warfare."

From Voices of A People's History, edited by Zinn and Arnove

The general idea of the revolution in the nineteenth century - Pierre-Joseph Proudhon

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon

The General Idea of the Revolution in the Nineteenth Century is one of the classics of anarchist literature. Written in the aftermath of the 1848 French Revolution, it sets forth a libertarian alternative to the Jacobinism which at that time still dominated the republican and revolutionary movements in France.

The anarchist movement in North Africa: 1877-1951

CONTENT NOTE: In 2015 it came to light that one of the authors of this work, Michael Schmidt, has advocated merging anarchist and white supremacist ideas both privately under his own name and publicly under pseudonyms. We are not aware of such themes in this work but readers should be advised.

Normally eurocentric, Lucien van der Walt and Michael Schmidt sketch out the anarchist movement in North Arica until the mid-twentieth century.