1930s

Aw, sit down!: notes on a new era of direct action - Melvin W. Jackson

An article by Melvin W. Jackson about the wave of sitdown strikes across Europe and North America during the 1930s.

Art and cartoons from The One Big Union Monthly

Art and cartoons from The One Big Union Monthly, a publication of the Industrial Workers of the World during the 1910s-1930s.

The 1934 Toledo Auto-Lite Strike - James Howard

A paper by James Howard about the 1934 Toledo Auto-Lite strike.

"We were the poor people": The Hormel strike of 1933 - Larry D. Engelmann

An article by Larry D. Engelmann about the 1933 Hormel strike, organized by the IWW-influenced Independent Union of All Workers (IUAW).

Keeping Minneapolis an open-shop town: the Citizens' Alliance in the 1930s - Lois Quam & Peter Rachleff

A paper written by Lois Quam and Peter Rachleff about the Citizens' Alliance, an association of employers and right wingers that opposed unions in Minneapolis during the 1930s.

The 1935 Flour City Ornamental Iron Works strike - Drew Shonka

Damage to Flour City Ornamental Iron Company building during strike, Minneapolis

An article by Drew Shonka about an AFL strike at the Flour City Ornamental Iron Works in Minneapolis, which left 2 dead and dozens injured after police opened fire on pickets after street fighting.

The 1935 Strutwear strike: ‘The stories of the workers are different’ - Elizabeth Faue

1935: Pickets and striking workers at the Strutwear Knitting Company, Minneapoli

An article by Elizabeth Faue about the 1935 Strutwear strike in Minneapolis.

The Communist Party and socialists during the 1934 Toledo Auto-Lite strike

A passage about radicals involvement in the 1934 Toledo Auto-Lite strike, from The Communist Party and the Auto Workers Unions by Roger Keeran.

“The man . . . died on my lap”: one women recalls the Memorial Day Massacre of 1937

The testimony of Lupe Marshall to a U.S. Senate committee on the 1937 Memorial Day Massacre, a day in which police opened fire on strikers.

The big strike: a journalist describes the 1934 San Francisco strike - Mike Quin

Mike Quin, a self-described “rank-and-file journalist,” offered a sympathetic picture of the striking workers actions in The Big Strike, a collection of his published articles. Here, Quin described the events leading up to Bloody Thursday, and what happened in its aftermath.