anthropology

On "Bullshit Jobs"

This is a review of David Graeber's book "Bullshit Jobs."

'Communism in Living' - What can early human society teach us about the future? by Camilla Power

We need to appreciate the significance that understanding primitive communism held for the early Marxists.

Marx himself put aside his work on Capital to do some anthropology, which we find in his notebooks - from which Engels extracted the work which led to The origin of the family, private property and the state. Besides Marx and Engels, there is Rosa Luxemburg: as a prisoner in World War I, she wrote Introduction to political economy, where she deployed the cutting edge of anthropology of her day.

The illusion of the precapitalist gift - humanaesfera

What was the precapitalist gift? In what concrete material circumstances did it make sense? Here, we briefly want to show that the precapitalist conditions which made the gift to make sense are not only without return, but are also absolutely undesirable today. In communist society the enjoyment of the productive forces can neither be a gift nor an exchange of commodities.

A dissection of the metaphysics of scarcity - humanaesfera

Some believe that, regardless of concrete praxis, scarcity is an inherent characteristic of time and space, as a metaphysical foundation (they generally use the thermodynamic concept of "entropy" to substantiate this idea). Thus, they suppose that, in this entropic universe, competition for what is scarce guides every specific being - and likewise human beings and societies - making the social form of scarcity, private property (and hence class society, labor, state and capital), have an eternal, cosmic, immutable foundation. In this text, we will try to criticize this metaphysics from a specifically philosophical, physical and anthropological point of view.

Abundance and scarcity in primitive societies – La Guerre Sociale

A 1977 text reviewing recent scholarship on social anthropology and its implications for understanding the communism of the past, and how it may shed light on the communism of the future, based for the most part on extensive excerpts from Marshall Sahlins’ Stone Age Economics, as well as from the works of Pierre Clastres, Robert Gessain and other anthropologists and explorers.

Chris Knight’s theory of human origins: an abridged account

Edmund Bradden provides an introduction to Chris Knight's theory of human origins. Reposted from the 'Radical Anthropology Group' website.

Karl Marx en de Irokezen - Franklin Rosemont

Irokezen

In zijn laatste levensjaren werkte Karl Marx niet aan verdere delen van Het Kapitaal, maar verdiepte zich, aan de hand van antropologen als Lewis Morgan, in pre-kapitalistische sociale structuren, van de Amerikaanse indianen tot de Russische boerencommune. Volgens Franklin Rosemont zijn de conclusies die hij trok echter nog nauwelijks geregistreerd.
In dit essay uit 1989 verdiept Rosemont zich in Marx' Ethnological Notebooks en onderzoekt hun belang en betekenis voor de sociale bewegingen van vandaag.

The construction of homosexuality - David F. Greenberg

At various times, homosexuality has been considered the noblest of loves, a horrible sin, a psychological condition or grounds for torture and execution. David F. Greenberg argues that homosexuality is only deviant because society has constructed, or defined, it as deviant. The book examines a vast terrain of examples and details in the history of homosexuality.

Action Anthropology ot Applied Anarchism?

KENNETH MADDOCK, born in Hastings, New Zealand, 1937, is a first-generation New Zealander. He graduated in law from the University of Auckland, before turning to social anthropology in which he completes his degree this year.

Africans and Anarchism

HENRY DOWA, born in Lagos, 1935, is now at the Polytechnic, London.