Anton Pannekoek

Deviations, part 1: the Castoriadis-Pannekoek exchange

Asad Haider and Salar Mohandesi's introduction to a series of letters between Anton Pannekoek and Cornelius Castoriadis.

In early 1953 Cajo Bren­del, a Dutch coun­cil com­mu­nist affil­i­ated with a group known as Spar­ta­cus, vis­ited the mem­bers of Social­isme ou Bar­barie (Social­ism or Bar­barism) in Paris.

Marx’s critique of socialist labor-money schemes and the myth of council communism’s Proudhonism - David Adam

Anton Pannekoek

In this article, David Adam takes aim at Gilles Dauvé's critique of the council communists, which has been influential in the communisation milieu.

Some left theorists have claimed that the council communist tradition actually advocated a self-managed capitalist economy, rather than a truly communist one.

Imperialism and the tasks of the proletariat - Anton Pannekoek

Influential text by council communist Anton Pannekoek published for the first time in English. Originally published in 1916 the journal of Zimmerwald Left (Verbote).

Reply to Castoriadis - Pannekoek

Pannekoek's final response to Castoriadis's letter in Socialisme ou Barbarie, translated by Asad Haider and Salar Mohandesi for Viewpoint Magazine.

I noticed with great pleasure that you have published in your review Socialisme ou Barbarie a translation of my letter annotated with critical remarks in such a way that involves your readers in a discussion on fundamental questions. Since you express the desire to continue the discussion, I am sending you several remarks on your response.

Reply to Pannekoek - Castoriadis

A reply to Pannekoek's letter to Socialisme ou Barbarie, translated by Asad Haider and Salar Mohandesi for Viewpoint Magzine.

Your letter has provided a great satisfaction to all the comrades of the group; satisfaction of seeing our work appreciated by a comrade honored as you are and who has devoted an entire life to the proletariat and to socialism; satisfaction of seeing confirmed our idea of a profound agreement between you and us on the fundamental points; satisfaction finally of being able to discuss with you and o

Party and class - Anton Pannekoek

Dutch council communist Anton Pannekoek on the relationship between the revolutionary party and the working class.

The old labor movement is organized in parties. The belief in parties is the main reason for the impotence of the working class; therefore we avoid forming a new party - not because we are too few, but because a party is an organization that aims to lead and control the working class.

Marxism and Darwinism - Anton Pannekoek

1909 text by council communist Anton Pannekoek about Marxism and evolution.


The new Blanquism - Anton Pannekoek

1920 text by Anton Pannekoek criticising the Communist Party.


Social democracy and communism - Anton Pannekoek

1919 text by council communist Anton Pannekoek on social democracy and communism.


The Road Followed by the Workers Movement

Marxism as action - Anton Pannekoek

1915 call to action by left communist Anton Pannekoek.

“Until now, the philosophers have only interpreted the world in various ways;
the point, however, is to change it.”

Karl Marx, Theses on Feuerbach