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Antonio Gramsci

An Address to the Anarchists - Antonio Gramsci, 1920

Writing on the eve of the April 1920 Turin general strike led by factory councils, Gramsci attacks the Italian anarchists in a rather patronising way, claiming that anarchists expressed only empty abstraction and ideal 'absolute truths' and that in the course of a revolution anarchist workers would overcome their 'illusions' to realise the necessity for the existence of the mythical 'proletarian state'.

Antonio Gramsci and the Bolshevization of the PCI - Thomas R Bates

Antonio Gramsci and the Bolshevization of the PCI.

Thomas R. Bates on Gramsci's role in the turn of the Italian Communist Party towards Bolshevik methods. In PDF format.