apartheid

Black Consciousness and the quest for true humanity - Steve Biko

Steve Biko's 1972/3 article on the Black Consciousness movement.

Steve Biko interviewed by Gail M. Gerhart, 1972

In October 1972, Steve Biko was employed by the black division of the Study Project of Christianity in Apartheid Society (SPRO-CAS), which had its office in the same building as the South African Student Organization (SASO) at 86 Beatrice Street, Durban. American political scientist Gail M. Gerhart interviewed Biko in those offices on October 24,1972, amid a constant flow of SASO people in and out.

Strikes in Durban, 1973

The Durban Strikes (1973)

Gerhard Maré's study of the 1973 strikes of nearly one hundred thousand workers in Durban, South Africa.

The Life and Death of Dr Abu Baker ‘Hurley’ Asvat, 23 February 1943 to 27 January 1989

Abu Baker Asvat

Abu Baker Asvat was a doctor and political militant in South Africa. He was murdered in 1989.

Black Consciousness 1977-1987: The dialectics of liberation in South Africa

AZAPO militants in the 80s

Article on the Black Consciousness movement by Nigel Gibson from 1988.

Legacies and meanings of the United Democratic Front (UDF) period for contemporary South Africa

United Democratic Front

This essay by Raymond Suttner, former UDF militant and political prisoner, examines the politics of the UDF.

Towards a People's Democracy: The UDF View

United Democratic Front

This is the text of a speech given by UDF militant Murphy Morobe in 1987.

The Third Day of September (The Sebokeng Rebellion of 1984)

An eyewitness account, by Johannes Rantete, of the 1984 uprising in the township of Sebokeng.

In the ANC's battle of factions there are no superheroes

Jacob Zuma

The article looks at the background to the struggle to control the state by factions within South Africa's ruling African National Congress (ANC) and how this is linked to the legacy of apartheid and using the state to build a new section of the ruling class.

Ovambo migrant workers general strike for rights, Namibia: 1971-72

Ovambo miners towards the end of the strike

In the winter of 1971-72 the economy of South West Africa (Namibia) was shutdown by a general strike of contract labourers challenged the economic system emplaced by Apartheid South Africa. The strike led to the scrapping of the contract system and is seen as a watershed moment, encouraging a rapid growth of opposition movements.