Black Panthers

Albert Woodfox Black Panther and Prison Organiser in his own words

Albert Woodfox a Black Panther member in Louisiana helped found the Angola Prison chapter of the party to help organise prisoners and resist violence and exploitation from the guards. In retaliation he was forced to spend over 44 years in solitary confinement. The longest solitary confinement term given out in the US prison system.

Morris, Olive Elaine 1952-1979

Olive Morris

A short biography of south London based anti-racist community organiser Olive Morris who worked tirelessly as a feminist, black and squatting activist throughout the late 60s and 70s.

The “black panther” movement (1971)

1971 article by the International Communist Party, published in il Programma Comunista, author anonymous.

Young Patriots at the United Front Against Fascism Conference, 1969

Young Patriots Organisation

A speech by William "Preacherman" Fesperman at the 1969 anti-fascism conference held by the Black Panther Party in Oakland.

The Rise and Fall of the Angola Prison Chapter of the Black Panther Party: Herman Wallace

Wallace Wilkerson and Woodfox, the three leading Black Panther Militants

A short history of the forming of the only Black Panther Party chapter in prison, its actions and the repression dealt to its militants by prison authorities.

Contains references to sexual violence.

Black Panthers at 50: Reflections on their legacy

Black Panther logo

This year marks the 50th anniversary of the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense, founded in Oakland, California. I went to the Oakland Museum of California to see the exhibit "All Power to the People: Black Panthers at 50" and it got me to reflect on how the Panthers and other movements of that era affected many radical projects that continued in their legacy.

Building Working-Class Defense Organizations: An Interview with the Twin Cities GDC

First of May Anarchist Alliance interviewed Erik D., Secretary of Twin Cities IWW-General Defense Committee (GDC) Local 14. The GDC which has grown to approximately 100 members in Minnesota has become an important pole of struggle for pro-working-class revolutionaries on a number of different fronts, most significantly the year-long struggle against police killings and brutality.

Critique of the "gay demands" - The Red Butterfly

A communiqué issued by the revolutionary socialist cell within the Gay Liberation Front critiquing what they saw as "gay nationalism" and "extreme segregationism" in a document called "gay demands" issued at the Black Panther Party's “Revolutionary People's Constitutional Convention Planning Session” in Philadelphia, 5 September 1970. It was distributed at a follow-up BPP convention in Washington DC in November. While we may not agree with all of it, particularly the passages which slip into transphobia, we reproduce it here for reference.

The Women's Liberation and Gay Liberation Movements

Speech given by Huey Newton, founder of the Black Panthers, August 15, 1970. The speech criticises previous attitudes of the Black Panther Party and revolutionary groups towards homosexuals and women, and stresses the need to take steps to support and ally with their liberation movements.

Black against empire: The history and politics of the Black Panther Party - Joshua Bloom

In Oakland, California, in 1966, community college students Bobby Seale and Huey Newton armed themselves, began patrolling the police, and promised to prevent police brutality.