August 12, 1937: Killing day at Tobolsk

Tobolsk Prison

A short account of the state murder of Russian anarchists in 1937.

From the Russian revolution of 1917 to Stalinist totalitarianism - Agustín Guillamón

A historical essay on the transition from Russian Revolution of the Soviets to bureaucratic dictatorship under Stalin, with special emphasis on the period extending from the February Revolution to the period of War Communism.

The soviets: their origin, development and functions - Andreu Nin

An essay on the Soviets published in 1932 by the co-founder of the Spanish POUM, sympathetic to Lenin and critical of the “profound errors committed, after the death of Lenin, by the leadership of the Communist Party”, that characterizes the Soviets as “a system of government that is infinitely more democratic than the freest bourgeois republic”.

Bolsheviks shooting anarchists - Emma Goldman and Alexander Berkman

Letter from Emma Goldman and Alex Berkman written to warn workers of the persecution of revolutionaries in Russia by the Bolsheviks, originally published in Freedom in 1922.

The 1918 treaty of Brest-Litovsk: curbing the revolution - Guy Sabatier

A detailed historical account and political analysis of the treaty that marked the official conclusion of the First World War on the Eastern Front, in which the author stridently advocates the position of the “left communists” who opposed the treaty and instead called for international revolutionary war, with extensive discussion of the connection between the opposing views on this question in the Bolshevik Party and crucial domestic controversies concerning revolutionary social organization and economic policy.

A Look at Leninism - Ron Taber

Published in 1988 this work by Ron Taber takes a critical look at Lenin and the early Bolshevik parties ideology dubbed "Leninism".

Industrial communism

A pro-Bolshevik pamphlet written in 1917 by Harold Lord Varney, who later left the IWW and moved in the direction of fascism and anti-communism.

Report Submitted to the Confederal Committee of the CNT by Delegate Angel Pestaña regarding his Conduct at the Second Congress of the Third International – Angel Pestaña

CNT Congress 1910

Angel Pestaña’s official report to the Confederal Committee of the CNT regarding his activities as the CNT’s delegate to the Second Congress of the Third International in 1920; not to be confused with the author’s memoir relating his impressions of his stay in Russia, Seventy Days in Russia: What I Saw, Pestaña’s Report is an account of the shady procedural manipulations of the Russian Communists and their supporters in their attempts to control the votes and committee reports at the International Congress of 1920 in the face of minority opposition from Pestaña, German and Italian syndicalists, English shop stewards and American delegates of the I.W.W.

Seventy days in Russia: What I saw - Angel Pestaña

Angel Pestaña

First published in Spain in 1924, Angel Pestaña’s journal recounting his experiences in Russia in the summer of 1920 as the delegate sent by the Spanish anarchosyndicalist Confederación Nacional del Trabajo (the CNT) to the Second Congress of the Third International, which he represents as “an objective accounting”, features encounters with Victor Serge, Peter Kropotkin, Lenin, Zinoviev, Lozovsky and Tomsky; while critical of the “mistakes” of the Bolsheviks, Pestaña ultimately absolves them of the greatest share of responsibility for the suffering of the Russian people, which he attributes to the blockade and civil war imposed and underwritten by the Western Democracies.

The Bolshevik myth: diary 1920-1922 - Alexander Berkman

This book provides first-hand documentation of events in the Soviet Union when the Civil War was ending and Bolshevik regime was consolidating its position. The author was an American anarchist of Russian origin deported to Russia in 1919. The book is based on his diaries written between 1919-21.