CIO

Putting labor’s house in order: the Transport Workers Union and labor anti-Communism in Miami during the 1940s

An essay by Alex Lichtenstein about how 'red-baiting' and anti-Communism effected a CIO union in Miami during the 1940s.

"A rank and file union built by the rank and file”: Toledo, progressives, and the rise of the UAW 1933-1937 - Adam Lax

A paper on the union movement in Toledo, Ohio in the 1930s.

Images from the South-St. Paul CIO-United Packinghouse Workers ̓strike of 1948

Images from a CIO strike in the meatpacking industry in St. Paul, Minnesota. The strike dragged on for months, picket lines were broken by the National Guard, and the strike was lost.

“They teamed up with the police and the Klan:” Jack O’Dell on red baiting in the National Maritime Union

Brief account by Jack O’Dell of the CIO's 'Operation Dixie', a strategy to organize the American South, failing due to anti-communist purges and raids in the union federation.

Oral history of Ernest DeMaio, head of the United Electrical Workers Midwest District 11

Ernest DeMaio, photo taken by Bud Shultz

Oral history of Ernest DeMaio, from his early radicalizing experience of the First Red Scare to facing repression and harassment during the Second Red Scare.

“A square deal?”: the Michigan CIO debates the no-strike pledge

Selections from minutes of a 1943 Michigan CIO convention, debating the 'no-strike pledge' during World War II.

“The man . . . died on my lap”: one women recalls the Memorial Day Massacre of 1937

The testimony of Lupe Marshall to a U.S. Senate committee on the 1937 Memorial Day Massacre, a day in which police opened fire on strikers.

Reds riot at steel mill: 75 years later

Mark R. Wolff on the 1937 Memorial Day Massacre, in which police fired upon striking CIO workers.

Images from 1946 Rochester general strike

Pictures from the 1946 Rochester, New York general strike, which happened in response to the mass firings of city workers attempting to organize a union. Pictures originally posted at Rochester Labor.

Vulnerable Akron: the first great sit-down

An account by anarchist and union organizer Rose Pesotta of the 1936 Akron rubberworkers strike, which utilized the sit-down tactic. From the book Bread Upon the Waters.