The essays in this book illustrate a conceptual model for analyzing the social and economic problems of the Appalachian region. The model is variously called Colonialism, Internal Colonialism, Exploitation, or External Oppression. ...Its history demonstrates the concerted efforts of the exploiters to label their work as progress and to blame problems they caused on the ignorance or deficiencies of the Appalachian people.
...We believe that there are peoples all over the world who have experienced this sort of "development" and consequently live in conditions similar to those found in the mountains.
North Carolina, 1978
Article by the United Mine Workers of America, 20 years on from the 10-month-long Pittston Coal strike in Virginia. As you would expect from an official union account it omits to mention the wildcat strikers and violent acts of sabotage but contains interesting historical information.
Interesting book written by Nicolas Dueñas, writing as Martin Selby, with recollections of the coalmining communities in the Welsh valleys at the beginning of the 20th century at a time of an influx of miners from Spain.
On the 15th of August, around 1500 people took part in a mass act of civil disobedience by occupying the Garzweiler open cast coal mine in the Rhineland, Germany. The Amongst the Elder collective reflect on their experiences of this action and pose questions about the effectiveness and limits of such mass actions in the future.