colonialism

French Partisans on the 1945 Sétif massacre in Algeria

In May 1945 the French state committed a massacred thousands in Sétif, Algeria after a street demonstration marking the end of the Second World War adopted anti-colonial demands. Members of the French Communist Party (PCF) in De Gaulle's government supported the massacre, claiming that the anti-colonial demonstrators were supported by the Germans. The Sétif massacre is mentioned briefly by Frantz Fanon in the Wretched of the Earth.

The post-war strike wave in East, West, and Southern Africa

From the end of the Second World War until the mid-'60s there was a wave of strikes in British East and West Africa, French West Africa, South Africa and Zimbabwe. The history of this class struggle has been neglected by both mainstream historians and most revolutionary tendencies based in Europe and the US.

A brief history of the state - humanaesfera

How did the state become distinct from the castes and presented itself as a neutral entity that hovers and contrasts with a so-called civil society? What is the relation between the emergence of capitalist power over the world and the emergence of absolutist monarchies and nation-states? This short article presents a synthetic look at the history of the emergence of the modern state.

1947 General Strike, Ceylon (Sri Lanka)

An account by T. B. Dissanayake of the 1947 general strike in Ceylon, now Sri Lanka

Fanon’s Dialectic of Experience

Fanon’s Dialectic of Experience

Ato Sekyi-Otu's Fanon’s Dialectic of Experience invites us to see Fanon as a dramatist enacting a movement of experience—the drama of social agents in the colonial context and its aftermath.

Frantz Fanon, Psychiatry and Politics

Frantz Fanon, Psychiatry and Politics

An analysis of Frantz Fanon's psychiatric writings by Nigel C. Gibson and Roberto Beneduce.

Reflections on Pan-Africanism

Transcript of speech given on November 20, 1973. James discusses George Padmore's break with the USSR, Jomo Kenyatta, Kwame Nkrumah, Julius Nyerere and other figures.

The 1945 Nigerian General Strike

In 1945 a general strike involving tens of thousands of workers began with railway workers, then spread to other nationalised industries including dock and civil service workers, with workers at private firms supporting the strike and refusing to cross picket lines. Estimates of involvement range between 42,000 to 200,000 workers making it one of the largest strikes in colonial Africa up until that point.

The Iva Valley miners strike and massacre at Enugu colliery, 1949

On the 18th November 1949, 21 striking miners and a bystander were shot dead at a British government-owned coal mine at Enugu, Nigeria; 51 were injured.

Mwalimu Nyerere and the challenge of human rights

Nyerere

Article from Pambuzuka which examines Nyerere's record on human rights. While the article is generally pro-Nyerere it details some of the contradictions of Tanzania's post-colonial record, particularly the maintenance of pre-colonial Penal and deportation codes.