colonialism

The 1947 Malagasay uprising

In 1947 an insurrection broke out in Madagascar, beginning with raids on police stations in the East and South then quickly spreading across the island. The French colonial government doubled its defence force in response, and the subsequent repression led to an estimated 90,000 or more deaths. While the revolt has been attributed to the reformist MDRM party, two underground organisations, Vy Vato Sakelika (VVS) and JINA, were instrumental in the early stages, although even they stated later that they did not begin the insurgency. Strikers at Renault in Paris denounced the repression.

Massacre in Algeria - Mohammed Harbi

Mohammed Harbi with Ben Bella

As France celebrated victory in Europe on 8 May 1945, its army was massacring thousands of civilians in Sétif and Guelma - events that were the real beginning of Algeria’s war of independence.

French Partisans on the 1945 Sétif massacre in Algeria

In May 1945 the French state committed a massacred thousands in Sétif, Algeria after a street demonstration marking the end of the Second World War adopted anti-colonial demands. Members of the French Communist Party (PCF) in De Gaulle's government supported the massacre, claiming that the anti-colonial demonstrators were supported by the Germans. The Sétif massacre is mentioned briefly by Frantz Fanon in the Wretched of the Earth.

The post-war strike wave in East, West, and Southern Africa

From the end of the Second World War until the mid-'60s there was a wave of strikes in British East and West Africa, French West Africa, South Africa and Zimbabwe. The history of this class struggle has been neglected by both mainstream historians and most revolutionary tendencies based in Europe and the US.

A brief history of the state - humanaesfera

How did the state become distinct from the castes and presented itself as a neutral entity that hovers and contrasts with a so-called civil society? What is the relation between the emergence of capitalist power over the world and the emergence of absolutist monarchies and nation-states? This short article presents a synthetic look at the history of the emergence of the modern state.

1947 General Strike, Ceylon (Sri Lanka)

An account by T. B. Dissanayake of the 1947 general strike in Ceylon, now Sri Lanka

Fanon’s Dialectic of Experience

Fanon’s Dialectic of Experience

Ato Sekyi-Otu's Fanon’s Dialectic of Experience invites us to see Fanon as a dramatist enacting a movement of experience—the drama of social agents in the colonial context and its aftermath.

Frantz Fanon, Psychiatry and Politics

Frantz Fanon, Psychiatry and Politics

An analysis of Frantz Fanon's psychiatric writings by Nigel C. Gibson and Roberto Beneduce.

Reflections on Pan-Africanism

Transcript of speech given on November 20, 1973. James discusses George Padmore's break with the USSR, Jomo Kenyatta, Kwame Nkrumah, Julius Nyerere and other figures.

The 1945 Nigerian General Strike

In 1945 a general strike involving tens of thousands of workers began with railway workers, then spread to other nationalised industries including dock and civil service workers, with workers at private firms supporting the strike and refusing to cross picket lines. Estimates of involvement range between 42,000 to 200,000 workers making it one of the largest strikes in colonial Africa up until that point.