commodity fetishism

Marx, individualist communist! (excerpts on the individual) - Karl Marx

A collection of excerpts from Marx's works that addresses individuals, their subordination arising from their mutual isolation and separation by which they submit to an alienated power that unites them by isolating them - the market, the state, enterprise, capital, classes. And on the creation of a society where individuals relate as individuals (i.e. not as private property owners, nor as classes, nor as post holders, or other reified identities, such as nationality, ethnicity, etc.), where labor was abolished by self-expression (or self-activity) through the free association of individuals according to their desires, capacities and needs with the world-historical productive forces …

A dissection of the metaphysics of scarcity - humanaesfera

Some believe that, regardless of concrete praxis, scarcity is an inherent characteristic of time and space, as a metaphysical foundation (they generally use the thermodynamic concept of "entropy" to substantiate this idea). Thus, they suppose that, in this entropic universe, competition for what is scarce guides every specific being - and likewise human beings and societies - making the social form of scarcity, private property (and hence class society, labor, state and capital), have an eternal, cosmic, immutable foundation. In this text, we will try to criticize this metaphysics from a specifically philosophical, physical and anthropological point of view.

Private property, substance of state - humanaesfera

A detailed and concise analysis of what the state is and how it operates

Private property, scarcity and democracy - humanaesfera

This article was originally written as a response to "libertarians" who see scarcity as a natural, objective and eternal consecration of private property and the market. It also describes a perspective concerning the limitations of democracy in relation to the transformation of the material conditions of existence.

O crepúsculo das personificações - Fredy Perlman

Uma detalhada análise de como, no cotidiano, os poderes autônomos dos indivíduos e comunidades são alienados ao capital e ao Estado mediante suas personificações.

Propriedade privada, escassez e democracia - humanaesfera

Artigo originalmente escrito como resposta aos "libertários" que veem a escassez como uma consagração natural, objetiva e eterna da propriedade privada e do mercado. Também é mostrada uma perspectiva a respeito dos limites da democracia em relação à transformação das condições de existência materiais.

O fetichismo das mercadorias - Fredy Perlman

Introdução de Fredy Perlman, escrita em 1968, para o livro de Isaak Illich Rubin "Essays on Marx's Theory of Value" (Black Rose Books, Montreal, 1973). Perlman faz um brilhante resumo dos temas principais do livro, como o da continuidade e transformação da teoria da alienação do jovem Marx na teoria da reificação e do fetichismo das mercadorias.

Grey is the golden tree of life, green is theory - Robert Kurz

In this 2007 essay, Robert Kurz examines the question of theory and practice from the perspective of the “categorical” “critique of value-dissociation”, with extensive discussions of Marx, Engels, Bloch, Adorno, Horkheimer, Gramsci, Althusser, Foucault, Debord, Negri, and Holloway, and concludes, in the face of the prevalent urge for immediate “action” and the equally widespread denigration of theory, that “critical theory must consciously maintain a distance from all existing praxis”.

The culture industry in the 21st century - Robert Kurz

In this revised and expanded version of a 2010 talk, Robert Kurz examines the continuing relevance, and the limitations, of the concept formulated by Adorno and Horkheimer in 1944—the “Culture Industry”—with discussions of “cultural pessimism”, the postmodern “cult of superficiality”, the role of technology in cultural change, the “abstract individual”, advertising, the Internet, “virtualization”, “interactive” media, exhibitionism and narcissistic self-promotion, the pseudo-“gift economy” of the Net, the impact of the current economic crisis on the culture industry, the “depletion of cultural reserves”, “estheticization”, and the impossibility of a separate “cultural revolution”.

Robert Kurz interviewed by Sonia Montaño

In this 2006 interview, Robert Kurz offers a succinct definition the “radical critique of value”, and discusses the nature of the commodity and markets, the “ontologization of value”, abstract labor, the unsavory side of Enlightenment ideology, “the liberation of the abstract individual” as a result of the current global crisis, the “double Marx”, fetishism, Anselm Jappe’s book The Adventures of the Commodity, the continuing relevance of Guy Debord’s concept of the spectacle, and other topics, in an interview for a Brazilian online publication.