La révolution sera communiste ou ne sera pas la divergence à "Revolution Internationale" (Août 1974)
vendredi, 7 janvier 2005
Non-Market Socialism in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries - Maximilien Rubel, John Crump (editors)
In the nineteenth century, socialists as different as Marx and Kropotkin were agreed that socialism means a marketless, moneyless, wageless, classless, stateless world society. Subsequently this vision of non-market socialism has been developed by currents such as the anarcho-communists, impossibilists, council communists, Bordigists and Situationists. By tracing this development, this book challenges the assumptions of both supporters and opponents of what is conventionally regarded as socialism.
An article published in August, 1929 in L'Ouvrier Communiste (the Communist Worker) issue no. 1, which was the journal of the Communist Workers' Groups, who were led ideologically by Michelangelo Pappalardi. This group split from Prometeo on several key questions, immediately pursuing a rapprochement with the line of the old KAPD (Communist Workers' Party of Germany). This article outlines their disagreements with the Bordigist tradition and with Leninism, more generally.
Marxism and State Communism: the Withering Away of the State - Groepen van Internationale Communisten (GIC)
Original publication: Marxisme en staatscommunisme; Het afsterven van de staat. – Amsterdam: Groepen van Internationale Communisten, 1932. – 18 p. A 1932 pamphlet hard to find in English, in which the Group(s) of International Communists (GIC) criticise Lenin's 'The State and the Revolution.' Part of this text was integrated into 'Basic principles of communist production and distribution'.
This article was written in May 1920 and was first published in the German paper Die Aktion. This translation first appeared in the London Workers' Group bulletin (no. 14, October 1983). A different english translation was published in the American journal Revolutionary Struggle, No. 2, Spring 1979.
Théorie Communiste is arguably one of the most influential journals amongst the ultra-left. The journal is the work of a Marseilles-based group. It was first published in 1977, before that, members of TC were formerly associated with councilist groups, including, among others, the journals 'Cahiers du Communisme de Conseils', based in Marseilles, and 'Intervention Communiste'.
Breve introdução sobre a história da A.A.U.-E. (União Geral dos Trabalhadores – Organização Unitária), organização que atuou de 1921 a 1923 na Alemanha e que foi uma das primeiras a condenar o bolchevismo, denunciando-o como sistema econômico burguês e contra-revolucionário. Buscava impulsionar a auto-organização dos trabalhadores a partir das empresas contra os partidos e sindicatos, superando a divisão entre economia e política através de conselhos operários.
Texto histórico publicado em 1920 que apresenta as posições antiparlamentaristas e anti-sindicais dos comunistas de esquerda da Alemanha (comunistas de conselhos), assim como a crítica do bolchevismo e da socialdemocracia e a perspectiva de auto-organização dos trabalhadores a partir das empresas de onde eles transformam a sociedade de baixo para cima.
This is a reconceived version of 'Fascism and Anti-Fascism'. In this text, Dauvé shows how the wave of proletarian revolts in the first half of the twentieth century failed: either because they were crushed by the vicissitudes of war and ideology, or because their “victories” took the form of counter-revolutions themselves, setting up social systems which, in their reliance on monetary exchange and wage-labour, failed to transcend capitalism.