Georg Lukacs

Ideology and Superstructure in Historical Materialism - Franz Jakubowski

Apparently freely available online for the first time here, this 1930s book is far less well known than its subject matter. With an admirable clarity of style, Jakubowski provides a summary of the main themes of Lukacs' History and Class Consciousness and Korschs' Marxism and Philosophy (Korsch was a personal friend of Jakubowski.)

Considered on their publication in 1923 to be 'heretical' to Communist orthodoxy, Lukacs and Korsch were primarily concerned with the inter-relationship of organisation and consciousness, theory and practice - praxis.

The Standpoint of the Proletariat

Georg Lukacs
from History & Class Consciousness

III: The Standpoint of the Proletariat
In his early Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right, Marx gave a lapidary account of the special position of the proletariat in society and in history, and the standpoint from which it can function as the identical subject-object of the social and historical processes of evolution.

Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat

Georg Lukacs
from History & Class Consciousness

Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat

"To be radical is to go to the root of the matter. For man, however, the root is man himself."
Marx: Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right.

IT is no accident that Marx should have begun with an analysis of commodities when, in the two great works of his mature period, he set out to portray capitalist society in its totality and to lay bare its fundamental nature. For at this stage in the history of mankind there is no problem that does not ultimately lead back to that question and there is no solution that could not be found in the solution to the riddle of commodity-structure.

What is Orthodox Marxism?

Georg Lukacs
from History & Class Consciousness

What is Orthodox Marxism?

"The philosophers have only interpreted the world in various ways; the point, however, is to change it." Marx: Theses on Feuerbach.

THIS question, simple as it is, has been the focus of much discussion in both proletarian and bourgeois circles. But among intellectuals it has gradually become fashionable to greet any profession of faith in Marxism with ironical disdain.

Class Consciousness

Georg Lukacs
from History & Class Consciousness

Class Consciousness
The question is not what goal is envisaged for the time being by this or that member of the proletariat, or even by the proletariat as a whole. The question is what is the proletariat and what course of action will it be forced historically to take in conformity with its own nature.
Marx: The Holy Family.

The Antinomies of Bourgeois Thought, continued

Georg Lukacs
from History & Class Consciousness

II: The Antinomies of Bourgeois Thought, continued

The Antinomies of Bourgeois Thought

Georg Lukacs
from History & Class Consciousness

II: The Antinomies of Bourgeois Thought

Modern critical philosophy springs from the reified structure of consciousness. The specific problems of this philosophy are distinguishable from the problematics of previous philosophies by the fact that they are rooted in this structure.