Germany

Report On Our Organisation. Founding Congress Of The KPD (Spartakus) — Hugo Eberlein

Hugo Eberlein's report on organisation presented to the founding Congress of the Communist Party of Germany (Spartacist league) in 1918.

Art as a weapon: Franz Seiwert and the Cologne progressives - Martyn Everett

Fig 1.  Hans Schmitz  -  Mass

An account of Franz Seiwert and the 'Cologne Progressives', a group or circle of artists who followed and participated in the radical currents around the German council communist organisations AAU and especially the AAU-E. The 'Cologne Progressives' may be the most radical group of artists ever.

Karl Marx - Karl Korsch

Left communist Karl Korsch's detailed biography of Karl Marx.

Wafner, Kurt, 1918-2007

Antifascist youth in 1935, Wafner sitting centre front row

A short biography of German anarchist Kurt Wafner.

Gültig, Karl, 1906-1992

A short biography of the German anarchosyndicalist Karl Gültig.

Ends and beginnings - Tim Mason

Notes on a paper Tim Mason was preparing in the last year of his life on Nazism. In PDF format.

National socialism and the working class, 1925-May 1933 - Tim Mason

Tim Mason on the development of National Socialism in Nazi Germany, and the role of the working class. In PDF format.

Germany, "Domestic Crisis" and War in 1939 - Tim Mason

Part of a debate between Tim Mason and Richard Overy about whether crisis at home was the catalyst for Nazi military expansionism. In PDF format.

From left radicalism to council communism: Anton Pannekoek and German revolutionary Marxism - John Gerber

German revolution, 1918-1919.

John Gerber on the revolutionary movement in Germany and the involvement of Anton Pannekoek in the shift of many workers towards council communism. In PDF format.

Councils and State in Weimar Germany - Guido De Masi and Giacomo Marramao

Guido De Masi and Giacomo Marramao write on the German workers' councils and council communist movement around the German revolution of 1918.