Article by the Wildcat collective from Germany on class relations behind collaboration between fascists and Greek state.
Fascists in Greece: From the streets into parliament and back
(translated from: wildcat, winter 2014/14: www.wildcat-www.de)
Supporters of Golden Dawn took to the streets to attack the self-organised space Resalto close to the spot of the murder of antifascist musician Pavlos Fyssas.
Golden Dawn supporters returned to the streets of Athens on Saturday 25th January. Dozens of fascists once again marched through the neighbourhood of Keratsini, the same area where Golden Dawn members murdered Pavlos Fyssas in September.
A day of demonstrations and clashes with the police marked the five anniversary of the murder of Alexis Grigoropoulos and the December Revolt.
Thousands of people took part in demonstrations to remember the murder of Alexis Grigoropoulos on 6th December 2008. The murder sparked the December revolt and the fifth anniversary brought people to the streets across Greece once more.
Tens of thousands of Greeks have participated in marches through Athens to commemorate the 40th anniversary of the student uprising against the US backed military junta. The blood stained flag that flew over the Athens Polytechnic on the night of November 17th, 1973, was carried at the front of the march in memory of those who had been murdered. “Bread, Education, Freedom” chanted the marchers, just as they had done 40 years ago. 6,000 extra police were deployed around Athens and security stepped up at the US embassy.
Both marches ended outside the US embassy, which is around 2 miles away from the National Technical University, the centre of the 1973 uprising. The uprising was brutally dealt with by the military, using tanks to across the campus, and killing scores of people, with over 1,000 people injured.
One of the marchers, 63 year old farmer, Thodoros Psarras, said that:
Greek riot police have forcibly evicted dozens of journalists from the former state TV headquarters (ERT), bringing to an end a five month occupation that started after the TV station had been taken off air, and the journalists sacked. The closure had been part of a programme of public sector job cuts to meet their austerity targets. Many of the workers had stayed behind and kept the station running with an illegal news feed via the internet.
Scuffles broke out between the journalists, their supporters, and the police. The streets around the building were cordoned off, and several rounds of tear gas were used to disperse those protesting. Four people were arrested on charges of ‘resisting the authorities’.
A spokesperson for the radio workers union said that:
Two members of the Greek fascist party, the Golden Dawn, have been shot and killed in a drive-by shooting outside the party HQ in Athens. A third is said to be in critical condition in hospital.
Witnesses describe two men on motorcycles stopping in front of the offices, dismounting, and then ‘emptying their weapons’ into the gathered party members.
The police claim the attack – carried out with an MB5 machine gun - has all the hallmarks of a ‘well organised terrorist attack.’
A social movement that aims to communicate the course of events free from party political frameworks and regime censorship, the necessity of counter-information media is undeniable. The existence of counter-information media is self-evident for the anti-authoritarian movement. It is defined by the nature of information that resists the propagandist character of mainstream media. It is also defined by the need for expression of those whom the mass media insist to ignore, to marginalize and ultimately to isolate. (This text is taken from the presentation of Apatris in the anarchist bookfair in Malmö, Sweden.(
This kind of necessity is not new. In Greece, the first anarchist newspapers emerged in two major urban centers, Patras and Pyrgos (Northern Peloponnisos), in the late 1800. Specifically, the anarchist association of Patras was publishing the newspaper “Epi ta Proso” (1896) and the anarchist association of Pyrgos was publishing the newspaper “Neon Fos” (1898).
Greece's powerful far right party, Golden Dawn, is being repressed. This is a detailed account and analysis of the organisation and the actions of the Greek state which, after encouraging it, has now turned on it.
Golden Dawn (GD), as we knew it, is over. Their leader N. Michaloliakos is behind bars, along with other prominent members, while those who survived the first purge are facing added charges that emerged a few days after the first arrests.
With the arrest of several party leaders the Greek government has begun a crackdown on the far-right Golden Dawn in the wake of the murder of Pavlos Fyssas.
A crackdown on the far-right Golden Dawn(GD) is under way in Greece. Party leader, Nikolaos Michaloliakos, and several MPs and party members were arrested this morning with more expected. They are accused of participating in a criminal organisation and will go before court. The crackdown has two main targets.