IWMA

IWMA - further reading guide

Founding conference of the IWMA, September 28, 1864, London

Libcom's guide to further reading on the International Working Men's Association (IWMA), or First International.

Covelli, Emilio aka Mephistopheles, 1846 -1915

Covelli

A short biography of pioneering Italian anarchist-communist Emilio Covelli.

Claramunt, Teresa, 1862- 1931

Teresa Claramunt

One of the founders of the Spanish anarchist movement, an ‘organic intellectual’ and one of its most distinguished women activists

Montels, Jules, 1843-1916

Jules Montels in his Commune military uniform

A short biography of anarchist, Paris Communard and tutor to Leo Tolstoy's children, Jules Montels.

Alérini, Charles, 1842-1877+

Alérini.

A short biography of French anarchist revolutionary and First International activist, Charles Alérini.

Bastelica, André, 1845-1884

Fallen: The Paris Commune

A short biography of First International member, brilliant agitator and organiser of the Marseilles working class, André Bastelica.

Pindy, Jean Louis, 1840-1917

Jean Louis Pindy

A short biography of Jean Louis Pindy: Paris Communard, anarchist and inventor of the Paindy.

Dumartheray, Francois, 1842-1931

Friend: Peter Kropotkin

A short biography of possibly the founder of anarchist communism, Francois Dumartheray of France.

The philosophical roots of the Marx-Bakunin conflict - Ann Robertson

Article about political differences between Bakunin and Marx, which correlated to the anarchist-Marxist split in the First International.

The author is biased in favour of Marx's views, but fails to give credit for Bakunin's influence on Marx (such as forcing him to clarify his views on the state) or those instances where Bakunin had more insight than Marx (such as on the evolution and counter-revolutionary nature of Social Democracy).

Secret Societies and the First International - Boris I. Nicolaevsky

The influence of a radical-democratic offshoot of freemasonry on the formation of the First International.