Vladimir Lenin

Revolution, defeat and theoretical underdevelopment - Loren Goldner (2016)

Essays written over 2010–14, collected here, deal with the legacy bequeathed to the contemporary revolutionary left by four key historical experiences: the Russian Revolution, the Comintern’s first experiment in ‘anti-imperialism’ in the early years of the Turkish Communist Party (1917–25), the failings of anarchism in the Spanish Revolution/Civil War (1936–9) and the failure of the Trotskyist Fourth International in the run-up to the Bolivian Revolution (1952) and beyond. In short, they probe the theoretical and practical legacies bequeathed to us as Leninism, anti-imperialism, anarchism and official Trotskyism, as it evolved after Trotsky’s assassination in 1940.

The Russian Social Democrats and the National Question - Lev Rybalka

Article by Lev (Yurkevych) Rybalka, the left-wing leader of the Ukrainian Social Democratic Workers' Party, published in Russian and aimed chiefly at the Russian left in January 1917, subjecting Lenin’s 'The Socialist Revolution and the Right of Nations to Self-Determination' to an extensive critique. The journal of the anti-Leninist left of the RSDRP(B), 'Vperyod', carried a review very favourable to the brochure. Though rather unknown today Yurkevych was active since 1905 in the USDRP and well-known in the Second International and the Zimmerwald anti-war movement. He fell ill at the outbreak of the revolution and died in Moscow.

Lenin rediscovered: what is to be done? in context - Lars T. Lih

Lars T. Lih challenges the conventional interpretation of V. I. Lenin’s classic text, included here is an authoritative new translation. What Is to Be Done? has long been interpreted as evidence of Lenin’s “elitist” attitude toward workers. Lih uses a wide range of previously unavailable contextual sources to fundamentally overturn this reading of history’s most misunderstood revolutionary text. He argues that Lenin’s polemic must be seen within the context of a rising worker’s movement in Russia, and shows that Lenin’s perspective fit squarely within the mainstream of the socialist movement of his time.

The Bolshevik Party in Conflict: the Left Communist Opposition of 1918 - Ronald I. Kowalski

1991 book examining the part played by the left communists following the Russian revolution, and their positions on a number of key issues.

A documentary history of communism in Russia - Robert V. Daniels

A valuable collection of nearly 300 documents (from 1894-1991) on Russia and socialism, from a variety of contributors - e.g. Lenin, the Russian left communists, Luxemburg.

The Trotsky question (1925) - Amadeo Bordiga

1925 article by Amadeo Bordiga in solidarity with Trotsky who, at that time, was under attack from the Russian party leadership.

Views and Comments No. 27 (March 1958)

The No. 27 (March 1958) issue of Views and Comments, an anarcho-syndicalist leaning publication produced out of New York by the Libertarian League from 1955 until 1966.

International Council Correspondence Volume 3, Number 9-10

The Volume 3, Number 9-10 (October 1937) issue of International Council Correspondence.

International Council Correspondence Volume 2, Number 8

International Council Correspondence, Vol. 2, no. 8, July 1936

How Lenin led to Stalin - Workers Solidarity Movement

Lenin led to Stalin

Good short account of how the foundations of Stalinist terror were laid by the policies of Lenin and Trotsky in the early days of the Russian Revolution.