An introduction to the Marxian approach to science and ideology.
This essay was inspired, on the one hand, by the growing interest in Marxism along with the proportional ignorance of the real nature of the movement; and on the other by the scarcity of accurate, relatively approachable, and contemporary introductions to the subject. It is written with the intended audience of any intelligent and curious reader, and I have attempted to avoid technical language and jargon as much as possible. The piece is meant to present not only the essential content of Historical Materialism, but indicate to what extent the theory is still useful to us today, as a resource for anyone seeking to understand Marx’s contribution to science and the revolutionary movement.
While it is indisputably within the sphere of production that the value-form is created and the obfuscation of social relations under capital begins, perhaps the notion that it is within sphere of circulation that the value-form can begin to be destroyed necessitates more tactical experiments explicitly targeting this realm in the US context of struggles.
A philosophical work published in 1908 by the French revolutionary syndicalist Georges Sorel. Sorel argues that the success of the proletariat in class struggle depended on the creation of a catastrophic and violent revolution achieved through a general strike. Many of the ideas within would later influence fascists and as well as socialists. This version was translated and edited by Jeremy Jennings for the 'Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought' series (pub. 1999).
Almost five hundred pages of Gramsci's writings on history, culture, politics, and philosophy. From the study of philosophy to problems of Marx, Marxism, and Machiavelli, to the state and civil society. We have huge disagreements with Gramsci's (essentially Stalinist) politics, but reproduce this text for reference.