Movimento Passe Livre

Brazil: How things have (and haven't) changed

From the management of June 2013 uprising to Bolsonaro’s ordered revolt.

Brazil: popular revolt and its limits

Vitória 2011 bus fare protests

June 2018 marks five years since the wave of protests against the price of collective transportation, which shook the streets of hundreds of brazilian cities in 2013. At the heart of those riots was the Movimento Passe Livre (something like Free Pass Movement), an autonomous and horizontal social movement founded in 2005, which defended the gratuity of transport. Written in 2014 by two militants who later left the organization, this article reflects on the limits of that cycle of protests.