national liberation

Poland: One Hundred Years of Bourgeois Dictatorship

The Polish nationalism of today is a direct continuation and consequence of the nationalism which crushed the workers’ movement in years 1918-23.

1964: British troops put down mutinies in post-colonial Kenya, Tanganyika and Uganda

Just one month following Kenya's official independence, Jomo Kenyatta invited British troops to put down a mutiny of soldiers who were conducting a sit-down protest against the continued presence of British officers in the army and low pay. In the same week, the British also put down mutinies with similar demands in Julius Nyerere's Tanzania and Milton Obote's Uganda, also at invitation. All three armies had originated in the King's African Rifles.

Reflections on the Kisumu Massacre, 1969

In October 1969 Jomo Kenyatta visited the Russia-built Nyanza Provincial General Hospital in Kisumu. During a protest against the visit, the presidential escort and paramilitary forces opened fire on the crowd, killing more than 11 and injuring hundreds. The piece was written following several police killings in the wake of the 2017 Kenyan presidential elections.

Palestinian Workers Continue to Die for a Capitalist State

They no longer hit the headlines but the Palestinian “Great Return Marches” along the Gaza border with Israel continue. Since March 22 the world has been witnessing yet more horrific scenes in the long conflict between the Israeli state and the dispossessed Palestinians on whose land that state was built. By June 2 the continual shooting of Palestinian demonstrators in Gaza by an Israeli Defence Force (IDF), safely bunkered inside its own border, had produced 124 dead and at least 13,000 wounded. In all that time only one Israeli soldier has been injured.

To Young Political Workers - Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh's address to young political workers, written one month before his execution. Notable is his warning that national liberation could result in simply the replacement of the raj by the new national bourgeoisie.

Letter on anti-Zionism (2014)

Critique of anti-Zionism by the Italian communist journal Il Lato Cattivo.

The 'Workerist-Populist' Debate in South Africa in the 1980s

Fosatu founding congress

In the 1980s there was a bitter debate in the anti-apartheid struggle between 'workerists' and 'populists'. This short piece compiled by Warren McGregor, first published at Zabalaza, gives a useful overview of that debate,

Fanon’s Dialectic of Experience

Fanon’s Dialectic of Experience

Ato Sekyi-Otu's Fanon’s Dialectic of Experience invites us to see Fanon as a dramatist enacting a movement of experience—the drama of social agents in the colonial context and its aftermath.

Fanon: The Postcolonial Imagination

Fanon: The postcolonial imagination

This book is an excellent introduction to the ideas and legacy of Fanon. Gibson explores Fanon as a truly complex character in the context of his time and beyond. He argues that for Fanon, theory has a practical task to help change the world. Thus Fanon’s “untidy dialectic,” Gibson contends, is a philosophy of liberation that includes cultural and historical issues and visions of a future society. In a profoundly political sense, Gibson asks us to reevaluate Fanon’s contribution as a critic of modernity and reassess in a new light notions of consciousness, humanism, and social change.

The general strike and Irish independence

The 1918 general strike

Interesting article by John Dorney on the syndicalist tactic of the general strike and its relationship with the struggle for Irish independence in the early 20th century.