Written on 04/10/2015 ,·this piece aims to give a feel for the over-arching sweep of events in Scotland since the mid-nineties, contextualise the rise of a nationalism that is as divisive as any other, and show how faith in electoral state solutions has cast a shadow of reforms that will easily vanish in the proposed new dawn of an independent Scotland.
The First Globalisation and Transnational Labour Activism in Southern Africa: White Labourism, the IWW, and the ICU, 1904–1934
Theses on the Right of Nations to Self-determination - Georgy Pyatakov, Yevgenia Bosch, Nikolai Bukharin
A set of theses, first published in the single-issue journal 'Kommunist' no. 1-2, Geneva 1915, (not to be confused with the journal 'Kommunist', of the same name, that appeared in 1918 at Saint Petersburg (ten issues) and Moscow (four issues)), written by Georgy Pyatakov, Yevgenia Bosch and Nikolai Bukharin on the 'national question'.
Article by Lev (Yurkevych) Rybalka, the left-wing leader of the Ukrainian Social Democratic Workers' Party, published in Russian and aimed chiefly at the Russian left in January 1917, subjecting Lenin’s 'The Socialist Revolution and the Right of Nations to Self-Determination' to an extensive critique. The journal of the anti-Leninist left of the RSDRP(B), 'Vperyod', carried a review very favourable to the brochure. Though rather unknown today Yurkevych was active since 1905 in the USDRP and well-known in the Second International and the Zimmerwald anti-war movement. He fell ill at the outbreak of the revolution and died in Moscow.
Austro-Marxist, Otto Bauer's contribution to the problems of the 'national question'. First published in German in 1907, this text has been cited in countless discussions of nationalism, from the writings of Lenin to Benedict Anderson’s 'Imagined Communities'. The issues Bauer addressed almost a century ago still challenge current debates on diversity and minority rights. Bauer advocated an early concept of multiculturalism and called for a system of self-determination for ethnic communities in which extensive autonomy would be granted within a confederal, multicultural state - Bauer's words, a "United States of Europe", with remarkable similarities to the contemporary European Union.