Did the Bolshevik seizure of power inaugurate a socialist revolution? A Marxian inquiry - Paresh Chattopadhyay
Chattopadhyay applies Marxian categories to the Russian Revolution of 1917 to examine its socialist content.
In the eyes of the overwhelming majority on the left – certainly in South Asia – the Bolshevik seizure of power in Russia in 1917 signalled the victory of socialist revolution or at least started the socialist revolution in that country. Those who accept this position hold it more or less axiomatically.
The present work analyzes the Soviet economic experience in the light of the Marxian concept of capital.
Chattopadhyay's discussion on the nature of labour in capitalist society and comments on Marx's The Critique of Political Economy.
In the following lines we discuss the contradictions inherent in the category of labor that Marx underlines in his different writings where labor is examined in its multiple existence - labor as such, abstract and concrete labor, necessary and surplus labor.
Paresh Chattopadhyay's essay on the globalisation of capital using the Marxian term 'world market' to explore the spread of neo-liberal capitalism under the auspices of 'globalisation'.
In what follows, 'capital', following Marx, refers to a historically specific mode of production (based on the producers' separation from the conditions of production) and the corresponding social relation between producers and the owners of the conditions of production - the basis of the modern society.
Paresh Chattopadhyay's review of Stepen Resnick's book on the USSR, analysing the Soviet experience in terms of class.
CLASS THEORY AND HISTORY: CAPITALISM AND COMMUNISM IN THE USSR, Stephan A. Resnick and Richard D. Wolff; New York and London: Routledge, 2002
Reviewed by Paresh Chattopadhyay
The book under review is not just one more addition to the numerous works on the USSR that have so far appeared in print. This is an unusual work. It attempts to analyse the whole soviet experience (1917-1990) in terms of 'class,' derived from Marx. According to the authors the USSR was all along a "state form of capitalism." The Bolsheviks had simply replaced pre-1917 "private capitalism" with "state capitalism."
Paresh Chattopadhyay's review of a collection of Marx and Engels' notebooks.
"Karl Marx - Exzerpte und Notizen: Sommer 1844 bis Anfang 1847" in Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels "” Gesamtausgabe (MEGA) vierte Abteilung. Band 3. Akademie Verlag, Berlin 1998, pp. 866.
Reviewed by Paresh Chattopadhyay*
Paresh Chattopadhyay's contribution to the ongoing debates with state socialists on the allocation of resources in society, with specific reference to the Lange-Lerner model of socialism.
It is sixty years since Oskar Lange defended socialism in a famous debate with Mises, Hayek and Robbins, who had argued that rational allocation of productive resources was impossible in socialism, inasmuch as the absence of private ownership in the means of production would do away with the price system, the only rational basis for allocating the productive resources.
Paresh Chattopadhyay's investigation on Marx's little-read "Marginal Notes to the German Worker's Party" arguing in favour of its strong emancipatory message and counter-poses it to Bolshevik-style state socialism.
Marx's "Marginal Notes" of 1875 or what he called in a letter (to Bracke, May 5, 1875), a "long scrap of paper," was a purely occasional text which its author felt compelled to compose, in order to underline what he thought to be the serious shortcomings in a workers' programme.