peasants

1968-1969: Pakistani students, workers, and peasants bring down a dictator

An account of the waves of strikes and protests against the inequality, brutality and corruption of Pakistans military dictatorship.

The Hebridean Land Revolt

An 1884 London Illustrated News portrayal of a crofters' rally

The Hebridean land revolt was a major uprising by the rural peasantry in 19th-century Scotland. Rents went unpaid. Fences were cut in the night. Land was illegally occupied. Telegraph poles were cut down. Roads were blocked with boulders. And government officials were attacked and beaten by mobs of women and men and children. Finally, in November 1884, the British government authorised a military invasion, dispatching gunboats and hundreds of marines.

The veins of Latin America are more open than ever – Miguel Amorós

The text of a 2017 presentation on the key role of extractive industries in contemporary world capitalism, their effect on the “territory” and its inhabitants, the left-wing parties’ support for export-oriented capitalist development that devastates the rural areas of their countries in exchange for funds to finance social programs, the importance of the “new middle classes” in serving as mediators for the rule of multinational corporations in Latin America, the fraud of “civil society” movements and their promotion of “sustainable development”, and the crucial role of peasant and indigenous movements in complementing urban struggles for “self-governed life in common”.

Beyond the Peasant International - Wildcat

Wildcat article assessing the "New Peasant Movements".

Sicilian Fasci movement, 1893-4

Leaders of the Fasci, on trial, 1894

A short overview of the radical, socialistic Fasci movement of peasants and agricultural labourers in Sicily in the late 19th century.

A short history of enclosure in Britain

Countryside illustration by Clifford Harper

Simon Fairlie describes how the progressive enclosure of commons over several centuries has deprived most of the British people of access to agricultural land. The historical process bears little relationship to the “Tragedy of the Commons”, the theory which ideologues in the neoliberal era adopted as part of a smear campaign against common property institutions.

A journey into libertarian historical memory; Casas Viejas, January 1933

The aftermath of the massacre at Casas Viejas

A short history of the tragically unsuccessful uprising of anarchist peasants in the small town of Casas Viejas which ended in a brutal massacre of the participants by the Republican government.

The art of not being governed: an anarchist history of upland southeast Asia

Map of Zomia

A book-length anthropological and historical study of the Zomia highlands of Southeast Asia by James C. Scott, first published in 2009.

Govan Mbeki: The Peasant's Revolt

The Peasant's Revolt

On equal human ability

A Chinese farmer, circa 1900

Interesting article from 1907 by Chinese anarchist Liu Shipei, arguing for human equality and spelling out some basic principles for a functioning, although largely agrarian, gender-equal anarchist society in the country. With an introduction by Robert Graham.