peasants

Beyond the Peasant International - Wildcat

Wildcat article assessing the "New Peasant Movements".

Sicilian Fasci movement, 1893-4

Leaders of the Fasci, on trial, 1894

A short overview of the radical, socialistic Fasci movement of peasants and agricultural labourers in Sicily in the late 19th century.

A short history of enclosure in Britain

Countryside illustration by Clifford Harper

Simon Fairlie describes how the progressive enclosure of commons over several centuries has deprived most of the British people of access to agricultural land. The historical process bears little relationship to the “Tragedy of the Commons”, the theory which ideologues in the neoliberal era adopted as part of a smear campaign against common property institutions.

A journey into libertarian historical memory; Casas Viejas, January 1933

The aftermath of the massacre at Casas Viejas

A short history of the tragically unsuccessful uprising of anarchist peasants in the small town of Casas Viejas which ended in a brutal massacre of the participants by the Republican government.

The art of not being governed: an anarchist history of upland southeast Asia

Map of Zomia

A book-length anthropological and historical study of the Zomia highlands of Southeast Asia by James C. Scott, first published in 2009.

Govan Mbeki: The Peasant's Revolt

The Peasant's Revolt

On equal human ability

A Chinese farmer, circa 1900

Interesting article from 1907 by Chinese anarchist Liu Shipei, arguing for human equality and spelling out some basic principles for a functioning, although largely agrarian, gender-equal anarchist society in the country. With an introduction by Robert Graham.

The agrarian question in the Russian revolution: from material community to productivism, and back - Loren Goldner

Buried under almost a century of ideology, "the Russian question," the historical meaning of the defeat of the Russian revolution, is the question that will not go away. This essay is an attempt to answer it.

Paternalism and rural protest: the Rebecca riots - Lowri Ann Rees

Contemporary illustration of the Rebecca rioters

A detailed analysis and account of the Rebecca riots in south-west Wales, 1839-1843, examining the interests of different classes at the time.

The making of an interethnic coalition: urban and rural anarchists in La Paz, Bolivia, 1946–1947

Anarchist rally in La Paz, 1930.

Kevin A. Young's account of the interethnic alliance between urban anarchists and indigenous peasants which facilitated the 1947 upheavals surrounding La Paz, Bolivia.