'Die Reaktion in Deutschland. Ein Fragment von einem Franzosen’ first appeared in Arnold Ruge (ed.), Deutsche Jahrbücher fur Wissenschaft and Kunst, nos. 247-51 (Leipzig, October 17th-21st, 1842) under the pseudonym "Jules Elysard". Die Reaktion was written in response to Ruge's call set forth in the Preface to the first edition of Deutsche Jahrbücher for all Hegelians to enter into political struggle.
Albert Camus' 1951 study of the development of rebellion and revolution in European thought and society discussing, amongst others, Hegel, Dostoyevsky, Nietzsche, Max Stirner, and anti-Tsarist Russian nihilists, as well as the Bolsheviks, who he accuses of having betrayed the fundamental principles of rebellion.
An introduction to the Marxian approach to science and ideology.
Almost five hundred pages of Gramsci's writings on history, culture, politics, and philosophy. From the study of philosophy to problems of Marx, Marxism, and Machiavelli, to the state and civil society. We have huge disagreements with Gramsci's (essentially Stalinist) politics, but reproduce this text for reference.