WWII resistance

Red years, black years: anarchist resistance to fascism in Italy

Anarchist partisans in Italy

A detailed pamphlet on the history of the Italian anarchist resistance to fascism from the 1920s to 1945 and beyond by region. First published in 1973, translated to English by Alan Hunter and published in 1989 by ASP.

History of organized fascism in Serbia

Sava Devurić's essay tracing the history of Serbian fascism from the early twentieth century to the present day.

The Hajduks of Cotovschi

A short history of The Hajduks of Cotovschi, an anarchist communist partisan organization from Romania, that pursued its activity in Bucharest, between 1939 to 1941.

Greece: war and civil war - Andrew Flood

Greek fighters from ELAS.

Text of a talk by Andrew Flood on the activities of the Greek Communist Party before and during the Second World War and its reactionary effect on the resistance movement as well as the support of the allies for authoritarianism in Greece.

Street politics in Hamburg, 1932-3

Nazi brownshirts in 1932

Anthony McElligott examines the street fighting and battle for control of territory between fascists and the working class in the run-up to the Nazi seizure of power.

The Schlurfs - youth against Nazism

A short account of the Schlurfs, working class Austrian youth who rejected the values of Nazism

Christakis, Leonidas, 1928-2009

A short biography of Leonidas Christakis, publisher of the first counterculture antiauthoritarian magazines in Greece during the colonels' junta, who has died aged 81 in Athens.

Friedetzky, Heinrich, 1910-1998

Heinrich Friedetzky was a German anarchist who preserved his beliefs despite the experiences of Nazism, prison and concentration camps.

Caleffi, Giovanina, 1897-1962

Giovanna Caleffi with Maria Luisa (on the left) and Giliana Berneri

Biography of Italian anarchist Giovanina Caleffi aka Giovanna Berneri, who, as well as being involved in anti-fascist resistance during the Second World War and helping rebuild the Italian anarchist movement after it, was also the wife of Camillo Berneri and mother of Marie Louise and Giliana Berneri.

General strike against military conscription in German-occupied Luxembourg, 1942 - George Kieffer

Death sentence notice for strikers

An account of the walk out in the central post office during the general strike in Luxembourg, 1942, by the son of one of the participants using his father's papers.