revolutions

Ancient utopia and peasant revolts in China - Ngo Van Xuyet

The last essay completed by the veteran Vietnamese council communist, written in 2004 when he was 91 years old, is a brief introduction to the history of peasant revolts in China, with special emphasis on their Taoist origins and utopian and libertarian inspirations, and features many interesting quotations from historical and religious texts.

Ancient Utopia and Peasant Revolts in China – Ngo Van Xuyet

About the Author

Ngo Van Xuyet (Born in Tan Lo, 1913; died in Paris, 2005)

The Finnish Class War 1918

A brief piece explaining that the Finnish Civil War of 1918 was, contrary to rightist claims, in fact, a class war.

Translator's notes:

This unsigned article originally appeared in Kapinatyöläinen #13, 1993. The original title of the piece is "Luokkasota 1918" which translates plainly to Class War 1918, I have for clarification changed this to The Finnish Class War 1918, as well as adding my own footnotes.

Frimod Fredriksson,
Finland, June 2012.

The Finnish Class War 1918

The great French revolution, 1789-1793 - Peter Kropotkin

"Liberty leading the People" by Eugène Delacroix

Russian anarchist Peter Kropotkin's extensive history and analysis of the French Revolution of 1789.

Revolutionary government - Peter Kropotkin

Peter Kropotkin, the founding father of collectivist anarchism, on why "revolutionary government" is a contradiction in terms.

Anti-capitalism or anti-imperialism? Interwar authoritarian and fascist sources of a reactionary ideology: The case of the Bolivian MNR

Loren Goldner's detailed account and analysis of the Bolivian Revolutionary Nationalist Movement (MNR) which was the key player in the 1952 national revolution, and which was supported by the left despite its pro-fascist, corporatist tendencies.

Abstract

Spanish Civil War and Revolution photo gallery, 1936-39

Photo gallery of anarchists and other workers who attempted a social revolution after the military uprising of the right-wing General Francisco Franco in July 1936. Thanks to anarchismus.at for supplying some of the pictures.

Food rioters and the American Revolution - Barbara Clark Smith

The Boston Massacre during the American Revolution

On more than thirty occasions between 1776 and 1779, American men and women gathered in crowds to confront hoarding merchants, intimidate "unreasonable" storekeepers, and seize scarce commodities ranging from sugar to tea to bread. A good-sized minority of the crowds we know about consisted largely of women; a few others may have included men and women alike. Each crowd voiced specific local grievances, but it is clear that their participants sometimes knew of actions elsewhere and viewed each episode as part of a wider drama.

A political revolution for women? The case of Paris - Darline Gay Levy and Harriet B. Applewhite

Women' s March to Versailles during the French Revolution


The women's march to Versailles capped months of women's political involvement during the French Revolution - in Paris neighbourhoods, electoral assemblies, the conquest of the Bastille and in several dozen processions with the newly formed national guard. Thousands of marching women empowered themselves as citizens as they confronted and helped to abolish the monarchy - and then continued to confront the new authorities.





A POLITICAL REVOLUTION FOR WOMEN? THE CASE OF PARIS by Darline Gay Levy and Harriet B. Applewhite

The origins of hunter-gatherer egalitarianism - Christopher Boehm

Christopher Boehm's theory on how rebellions against alpha-male despotism created hunter-gatherer egalitarianism (primitive communism) which humans maintained for 100,000 years.

"Once a prehistoric hunting band institutionalized a successful and decisive rebellion, and did away with the alpha-male role permanently ... it is easy to see how this institution would have spread."

Christopher Boehm is Director of the Jane Goodall Research Institute.

Social Structures, Political Elites and Ideology in Revolutionary Paris - Richard Andrews

The bourgeois and authoritarian nature of the sans-culottes in revolutionary Paris.