"The Barricades Must Be Torn Down": Moscow-Fascism in Spain - Paul Mattick

Mattick ponders the then-recent events of May 1937 - when the counter-revolutionary consequences of the CNT and POUM's compromises with bourgeois democracy and Stalinism became deadly reality.

The Paris Commune of 1871 - Undercurrent

Short text about the Commune by Undercurrent, as the University of Sussex unveils a flawed exhibition on the uprising.

The Commune: Paris 1871 – P. Guillaume and Martin Grainger

P. Guillaume and Martin Grainger, a pseudonym of Maurice Brinton, in Solidarity pamphlet #35, write on the Paris commune of 1871.

Industrial collectivisation during the Spanish revolution - Deirdre Hogan

Interesting article by Deirdre Hogan about the collectivisation and worker control of industry in revolutionary Spain during the civil war.

A soldier returns - letter from an American fighter in the Durruti Column

A letter from an American trade unionist and member of the revolutionary union the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) about his experiences as a fighter in the Spanish Civil War and Revolution of 1936-9 in the International section of the anarchist Durruti Column.

A day mournful and overcast... An account of the Iron Column

A personal account of a liberated prisoner's experience as a fighter during the Spanish Civil War and Revolution of 1936-9 in the anarchist militia unit called the Iron Column prior to its incorporation into the Communist-run Republican army.

Anarchists in the Russian Revolution - Paul Avrich

Anarchists protest against the Bolshevik dictatorship.

Paul Avrich's account of the anarchist movement during the Russian revolution.

Why past revolutionary movements have failed

Anton Pannekoek

Anton Pannekoek, from "Living Marxism" Vol. 5, # 2 - Fall 1940.

The civil war in France - Karl Marx

Karl Marx's contemporary account of the Paris Commune, placing it in context fo the wider events in France at the time. The Paris Commune significantly changed Marx's ideas about the "Dictatorship of the Proletariat", and his support for it's organisation structures suggests a different trajectory of revolutionary organisation to the "Marxist" revolutions in the 20th Century.

The Paris Commune and the idea of the state - Mikhail Bakunin

Russian anarchist Mikhail Bakunin on the Paris Commune and the idea of government and the state.