Russian revolution

Nestor Makhno: the man and the myth

Nestor Makhno

A short biography of Nestor Makhno by historian Paul Avrich.

Reconstructing Lenin - Tamás Krausz

In 'Reconstructing Lenin', four decades in the making, Tamás Krausz, makes a major contribution to a growing field of contemporary Lenin studies. This rich and penetrating account reveals Lenin busy at the work of revolution, his thought shaped by immediate political events but never straying far from a coherent theoretical perspective. Krausz balances detailed descriptions of Lenin’s time and place with lucid explications of his intellectual development, covering a range of topics like war and revolution, dictatorship and democracy, socialism and utopianism. 'Reconstructing Lenin' will change the way you look at a man and a movement.

Revolution, defeat and theoretical underdevelopment - Loren Goldner (2016)

Essays written over 2010–14, collected here, deal with the legacy bequeathed to the contemporary revolutionary left by four key historical experiences: the Russian Revolution, the Comintern’s first experiment in ‘anti-imperialism’ in the early years of the Turkish Communist Party (1917–25), the failings of anarchism in the Spanish Revolution/Civil War (1936–9) and the failure of the Trotskyist Fourth International in the run-up to the Bolivian Revolution (1952) and beyond. In short, they probe the theoretical and practical legacies bequeathed to us as Leninism, anti-imperialism, anarchism and official Trotskyism, as it evolved after Trotsky’s assassination in 1940.

The agrarian question in the Russian revolution: from material community to productivism, and back - Loren Goldner

Buried under almost a century of ideology, "the Russian question," the historical meaning of the defeat of the Russian revolution, is the question that will not go away. This essay is an attempt to answer it.

Lenin rediscovered: what is to be done? in context - Lars T. Lih

Lars T. Lih challenges the conventional interpretation of V. I. Lenin’s classic text, included here is an authoritative new translation. What Is to Be Done? has long been interpreted as evidence of Lenin’s “elitist” attitude toward workers. Lih uses a wide range of previously unavailable contextual sources to fundamentally overturn this reading of history’s most misunderstood revolutionary text. He argues that Lenin’s polemic must be seen within the context of a rising worker’s movement in Russia, and shows that Lenin’s perspective fit squarely within the mainstream of the socialist movement of his time.

The Bolshevik Party in Conflict: the Left Communist Opposition of 1918 - Ronald I. Kowalski

1991 book examining the part played by the left communists following the Russian revolution, and their positions on a number of key issues.

The Left Communists' Theses on the Current Situation (Russia, 1918)

Published by the academic journal Critique, Glasgow, in 1977, this text has long been unavailable in print and apparently never before freely available online. A very important document of the Russian Revolution, showing the divisions within the Bolshevik Party in their early days in power.

A documentary history of communism in Russia - Robert V. Daniels

A valuable collection of nearly 300 documents (from 1894-1991) on Russia and socialism, from a variety of contributors - e.g. Lenin, the Russian left communists, Luxemburg.

The soviets: the Russian workers, peasants and soldiers councils 1905-1921 - Oskar Anweiler

All-Russian assembly of workers' councils, Petrograd 1917

A detailed study of the workers', soldiers' and peasants' councils which sprung up across Russia in the revolutions of 1905 and 1917.

Letter from Amadeo Bordiga to Karl Korsch

Karl Korsch.

Letter written by Amadeo Bordiga in Naples, in October 1926 to German left communist Karl Korsch about his platform.