Russian revolution

The guillotine at work - Gregori Maximov

Originally published in 1940 in two parts, this is the (partly eyewitness) account of the Leninist terror inflicted upon Russia during the revolution after 1917. Maximov, a life-long anarchist, fought in the Russian Revolution, organized with the metal-workers, and was imprisoned by Lenin's secret police in 1920 when he refused to join the Red Army: he was happy to fight the Whites, but not put down workers' and peasants' uprisings.

The guillotine at work, part 2: data and documents

Prisoners arrive at the Solovetsky Camp (1927)

This is part 2 of the The Guillotine at Work, containing documentation of the Bolshevik "Red Terror" in the wake of the Russian revolution, edited by Russian anarchist Gregori Maximov.

A history of socialist thought: volume IV, part I - communism and social democracy 1914-1931

Volume of GDH Cole's work examining social democracy and communism, looking at Italy and the German and Russian revolutions.

Bolshevik matters - Karl Kautsky

5 fragments of Kautsky on Bolshevik related matters published here for the first time.

[First fragment. Anecdote used in Von der Demokratie zur Staatssklaverei (1921), reply to Trotsky's Terrorism and Communism (Anti-Kautsky). This story is corroborated in "Dear Comrades: Menshevik Reports on the Bolshevik Revolution and the Civil War" (186-191 p.).]

Mensheviks and Denikin

Lessons of the counterrevolutions - Amadeo Bordiga

A 1953 text in which Amadeo Bordiga examines the lessons of counterrevolutions from the defeat of Spartacus to the Battle of Legnano in 1176 and from the Peasant War in Germany of 1525 to Stalinism (“State capitalism is not a semi-socialism, but just plain capitalism”) and recapitulates some “fundamental positions of Marxism”, which he describes as a “doctrine for the understanding of ... counterrevolutions”, since “everyone knows how to orient themselves at the moment of victory, but few are those who know what to do when defeat arrives” and “it is necessary to understand the counterrevolution in order to prepare the revolution of tomorrow”.

Lessons of the Counterrevolutions – Amadeo Bordiga

Introduction to the 1981 Spanish Translation

The guillotine at work, part 1: the Leninist counter-revolution

Originally published in 1940 in two parts, this is the (partly eyewitness) account of the Leninist terror inflicted upon Russia during the revolution after 1917.

Exiled, he wrote this incredible volume. Over the course of nearly 400 pages, he recounts not only the Leninist terror and reaction against the popular revolution, but shows how the actions of Stalin followed deliberately in his master, and mentor's footsteps.

Great October in the Ukraine

A short piece on the events in the Ukraine during the October Revolution in 1917.

The month of October 1917 is a great historical watershed in the Russian revolution.

Ten days that shook the world - John Reed

The basis for the Academy Award winning 1981 film Reds, Reed's classic eyewitness account captures the opening days of the Russian Revolution.

His passionately involved narrative describes the fall of the provisional government, the assault on the Winter Palace, Lenin's seizure of power, and other tumultuous events.

An irony of the Russian civil war


A short account of Vasko-Bogdan who started out as an anarchist and met his end fighting the Makhnovists

Vasily Alexandrovich Bogdanov was A Russian sailor who described himself as an anarchist internationalist, that is, he was in total opposition to the First World War. He was involved in the fighting during the Civil War and felt that he had to cooperate with the Bolsheviks. He was usually known as Vasko-Bogdan.

Red Petrograd: revolution in the factories 1917-1918 - S.A. Smith

Well researched and detailed study of the factory-level impact of the Russian Revolution in Petrograd, dealing in particular with implementation of workers' control by the factory councils.

This book explores the impact of the 1917 Revolution on factory life
in the Russian capital. It traces the attempts of workers to take
control of their working lives from the February Revolution through
to June 1918, when the Bolsheviks nationalised industry. Although
not primarily concerned with the political developments of the